Dorsopathy: What Is It, How To Recognize, Cure And Prevent Ailment

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Dorsopathy: What Is It, How To Recognize, Cure And Prevent Ailment
Dorsopathy: What Is It, How To Recognize, Cure And Prevent Ailment

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Dorsopathy is more likely not a specific disease, but a term that unites a whole list of pathologies of the spine. A large number of people experience problems with the spinal region, so it is worthwhile to figure out what dorsopathy manifests itself in, why it occurs and when you should consult a doctor.

Dorsopathy: what is it, how to recognize, cure and prevent ailment
Dorsopathy: what is it, how to recognize, cure and prevent ailment

Dorsopathy and its causes

As already mentioned, dorsopathy is more likely not a diagnosis, but a concept that appeared not so long ago. Even Wikipedia, which, as you know, contains almost any information, in response to the query "dorsopathy" issues a page about spinal osteochondrosis.

However, experts are certainly familiar with the term. For doctors, dorsopathy means a whole range of different ailments, and the disease included in this list can affect muscles and ligaments, bones and tendons, connective tissues, etc. And yet the most common type of dorsopathy is pathology of the vertebral, lumbar and sacral regions.

The main causes of dorsopathy are disorders in the work of the musculoskeletal system: arthrosis, osteochondrosis, arthritis, brucellosis, tuberculosis, etc. But experts also talk about a number of concomitant factors that affect the development of dorsopathy, namely:

  • ailments of the cardiovascular system;
  • excessive weight;
  • endocrine system diseases (thyrotoxicosis, diabetes mellitus);
  • viral, infectious, fungal diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system (measles, syphilis, etc.);
  • weak immune system.

Well, and the reasons that mainly cause the development of dorsopathy are as follows:

  1. Damage, trauma to connective tissue (cracks, bruises, fractures).
  2. Poor posture and improper gait. Usually occur with such leg pathologies as arthrosis of the knee menisci, destruction of cartilaginous tissue.
  3. Poor blood delivery to different parts of the spine.
  4. Compression of nerve endings due to displacement of the vertebral discs.
  5. Sedentary, sedentary lifestyle.
  6. A diet poor in protein, iron, phosphorus.
  7. Harmful working conditions, heavy loads, vibrations, low temperatures, dampness or high humidity.
  8. Long stay in the same position.

Dorsopathy of the spine is the lot of many people, not only the elderly, but also the young. This phenomenon manifests itself in different ways, has different forms, so you need to carefully observe each symptom: it is quite possible that such a habitual back pain will mean that this is a manifestation of dorsopathy.

Symptoms

Since darsopathy is a stage disease, all its symptoms do not appear immediately, they arise as the disease progresses. Among the most characteristic symptoms are the following:

  1. Back pain in general and the spine in particular. Usually the pain is aching, long and growing. Sometimes a person feels the so-called "shooting". Pain can occur in any part of the spine, as well as in the neck, lower back, between the shoulder blades, or in many places at once. It subsides slightly only in the supine position, that is, when the spine is unloaded.
  2. Great muscle tension. There is a feeling that the skin is being pulled back, the pain becomes stronger with palpation or turning the body.
  3. In more severe stages, the range of motion is limited. Pain in the axial muscles, sometimes sharp, as if hindering movement.
  4. Shooting pains, sometimes very strong, can cause a tingling sensation in the limbs and their numbness, aches.
  5. The muscles in the arms are weak, as if arthritis. It is quite difficult to clench a hand into a fist, in general, hands are shaking, a person often cannot cope even with a spoon or fork.
  6. Dry skin, high, but no flaking.

All these symptoms do not appear immediately, but gradually. As a rule, they do not appear at the same time.If dorsopathy is already in a neglected form, nerves suffer, sleep is disturbed.

Forms

The forms of darsopathy are reflected in the international classification of the tenth revision. Here is a list of them:

  • deforming. This includes all cases in which the vertebrae are displaced, but the integrity of the discs is not compromised;
  • vertebrogenic (spondylopathy). The vertebrae change due to traumatic injuries or infectious diseases (brucellosis, tuberculosis, syphilis, etc.);
  • discogenic (protrusion, or intervertebral hernia). It occurs due to the displacement of the intervertebral discs caused by the rupture of the annulus fibrosus.

Also, dorsopathy is divided depending on the degree of its localization and the number of affected areas:

  1. Limited. Such a pathology develops in the area of ​​two vertebrae, no more.
  2. Common. It affects several vertebrae, but only in one vertebral region.
  3. Polysegmental. It affects many parts of the spine, sometimes all, plus parts of the spinal cord.

Also, darsopathy is divided into chronic and acute. Both of these forms are difficult to treat, the recovery period is long. In terms of characteristics, such darsopathies are similar to the polysegmental type.

Diagnostics

As soon as muscle pain occurs, and the cause is unclear, you should consult a doctor. He will listen to what worries the patient and conduct an external examination. The doctor must establish:

  • how long a person is worried about pain, how strong and periodic they are;
  • whether it is difficult for the patient to move, whether his movements are limited;
  • what kind of life does a person lead: mobile or sedentary, does he have hard work;
  • whether he had a back injury before.

After the complete symptomatic picture is clear, the doctor conducts:

  1. Neurological examination. The goal is to search for possible tactile sensations in the body (pain or irritation on palpation, heightened sensitivity, dry skin).
  2. X-ray. Reveals the condition of various parts of the spine, possible sites of tissue damage.
  3. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. It is necessary to study the structure of all tissues around the vertebral sections, possibly to detect a hernia.
  4. If there is a suspicion of poly-segmental darsopathy, the patient is referred to a neurosurgeon for consultation.

Treatment

Surgical intervention, as a rule, is not required to treat dorsopathy, except very rarely, when it is necessary to eliminate symptoms such as abscesses, tissue suppuration, neoplasms.

Therapy depends directly on the reasons for the disease, as well as on the symptoms, the severity of the disease. Usually, the treatment is complex, that is, various methods and drugs in combination:

  1. During the period of exacerbation, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed.
  2. Muscle relaxants are prescribed to relieve spasms, pain, and muscle relaxation.
  3. Traction therapy is also used, that is, stretching the tissues around the vertebra. This helps to increase the distance between the spine and thus relieve pain.
  4. Sedatives are also used, they make it possible to normalize sleep.
  5. Physiotherapy has a beneficial effect: heating with UV rays, electrophoresis, phonophoresis, massage using heating mixtures, magnetic field, applying warm compresses.
  6. Manual therapy restores muscle tone and relaxes them.

As soon as the painful symptoms go away, you can start taking restorative drugs and vitamin-mineral complexes that promote regeneration.

During treatment, one must adhere to the diet prescribed by the doctor and maintain moderate physical activity.

Prevention

Prevention of dorsopathy is about leading a healthy lifestyle. It is not necessary to allow heavy physical exertion, but to do exercises or any general developmental exercises, on the contrary, is necessary.The recommendations are traditional - healthy food, a lot of calcium, good for bones, joints and cartilage, active rest.

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