What Does Diathesis Look Like In Infants

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What Does Diathesis Look Like In Infants
What Does Diathesis Look Like In Infants

Video: What Does Diathesis Look Like In Infants

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Diathesis is a special condition of the child's body, in which there is a hereditary predisposition to the development of a group of diseases: respiratory tract infections, allergies, etc. It is manifested by skin lesions that develop as a result of exposure to food allergens.

What does diathesis look like in infants
What does diathesis look like in infants

Instructions

Step 1

Diathesis in infants is manifested by flaky yellowish spots that cover the forehead and cheeks of the child. A rash appears in the elbow and popliteal fossa, and dandruff-like scales form on the scalp. Diathesis can be weeping, it looks like redness, swelling, bubbles with liquid. Skin rashes are accompanied by itching, as a result of scratching, ulcers are formed, which become covered over time with a crust. If the infection gets inside, these wounds will start to fester. Diaper rash may also appear along with the spots. The neglected stage of diathesis can turn into eczema, in this case, irritations cover the entire body.

Step 2

Often other symptoms appear with diathesis. There is a whitish coating on the tongue, which indicates digestive problems. The baby may have loose and frequent stools mixed with mucus. Pain in the abdomen is accompanied by strong crying, which intensifies even with the slightest pressure in the navel. With diathesis, respiratory tract diseases (laryngitis, pharyngitis), inflammation of the eyelids and conjunctiva, accompanied by lacrimation and redness of the eyes, are observed. Diathesis may not go away for a long time, despite careful care of the baby's skin.

Step 3

Factors that increase the likelihood of developing diathesis include: hereditary predisposition, severe toxicosis in a pregnant woman, exposure of a pregnant woman to negative environmental factors, taking certain drugs during gestation, improper nutrition during pregnancy and breastfeeding, artificial feeding. Often, diathesis makes itself felt at the stage of introducing complementary foods - additional foodstuffs - into the child's diet. Since the digestive system does not work the way it does in healthy children during diathesis, some foods cannot be completely broken down. The immune system takes them for foreign elements and produces the protective substance histamine, leading to the development of allergies.

Step 4

Diathesis in infants is detected by the local pediatrician. It is advisable to show the child and the pediatric allergist. During the examination, the doctor finds out the data on the diet, the growth and development of the baby before the onset of symptoms. With diathesis in a baby, the doctor prescribes a diet for a nursing mother, in some cases advises to postpone the introduction of complementary foods. If the baby is bottle-fed, it is recommended to replace the formula. For the treatment of manifestations on the skin, local remedies are prescribed that weaken or eliminate itching. In some cases, ultraviolet treatment may be prescribed. Antihistamines and ointments containing glucocorticosteroids are used very rarely and with great caution in young children.

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