How To Feed A Bedridden Patient

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How To Feed A Bedridden Patient
How To Feed A Bedridden Patient

Video: How To Feed A Bedridden Patient

Video: CNA Skill: Feeding the Resident 2022, December
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It is very important for people who are limited in movement and bedridden to adhere to a proper diet. It helps the body to recover and also prevents the development of diseases and the formation of pressure ulcers.

How to feed a bedridden patient
How to feed a bedridden patient

Eating a bed patient

In a hospital, the nutrition of a recumbent patient is determined by a nutritionist and attending physician. At home, planning a patient's diet is much more difficult, and in order to do this, you should adhere to some principles.

It should be borne in mind that a lying person should consume at least one and a half liters of water per day. This will improve digestion and the elimination of toxins from the body.

The diet of a person who is bedridden should contain at least 120 g of protein. It can be of both plant and animal origin. Therefore, the menu should include fish, meat, cottage cheese, as well as tomatoes, carrots and potatoes.

It is necessary to limit the consumption of fat to 100 g per day maximum. Its excess, as a rule, leads to metabolic disorders or obesity.

The main sources of energy are carbohydrates. However, in the daily diet there should be no more than 500 g. They remove cholesterol from the patient's body and are a source of energy.

An important part of the bedridden patient's menu is vitamins, especially vitamin C. It enhances immunity, improves blood vessels and liver activity. Its daily value is 120 g, and sources of this element are green onions, parsley, rose hips and sauerkraut.

Feeding devices for bedridden patients

If a sick person has impaired grasping movements, you may need special dishes, for example, a plate that has sides to prevent food from falling, or a fork with a rim.

For bedridden patients who have impaired coordination of movements, a deep bowl on a stand is suitable to avoid slipping. Also popular are non-slip napkins and dishes with suction cups.

For patients with weakening of grasping movements, special cutlery with thickened handles is suitable. They allow the patient to grip a fork or spoon tightly.

It will be convenient for a lying patient to eat using the bedside table. It is installed on the rails of the bed, but in the event that it is medical. You can also purchase a small table with legs that are placed directly on the bed.

The bedside table is also functional, because it can be used not only for feeding, but also for reading. Tables with sides and inclined tabletops are especially convenient.

In addition, there are other devices such as forearm supports and support straps. The same category includes prosthetic devices that help to raise the patient's hand to the mouth.

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