Contrary to popular belief, fever is not a disease. This is just an indicator that the body has become a victim of attack by pathogens and is desperately trying to resist the invaders.
All kinds of bacterial infections, viruses and pathogenic fungi constantly attack the body, and in some cases they manage to get inside, as a result of which a person becomes ill. As soon as the immune system recognizes strangers, the body immediately begins an increased production of pyrogen - a special substance that is responsible for warming up the body. Thanks to pyrogens, warm-blooded creatures no longer depend on the ambient temperature and are able to maintain their own body temperature at the level provided by nature.
The body's natural response
In the event of a disease, the human body raises its own temperature to resist foreign invaders. This can happen both during the day and rapidly - in some 30-60 minutes. The faster the temperature rises, the more acutely it is perceived by the patient himself. He may experience chills, headaches and muscle aches, and sometimes a real fever sets in.
No matter how unpleasant the sensations may seem, you should not immediately grab onto temperature-reducing agents. It is necessary to understand that the body has entered into a struggle with the disease, with the greatest degree of probability it will win in the next day or two, and the only thing that is required of the patient is not to intervene in this battle, but to steadfastly endure the troubles that have fallen to his lot.
When the temperature gets dangerous
However, this should only be done until a certain moment. Doctors consider a temperature rise to 39 ° C quite normal, not requiring special intervention from the outside. But if the temperature rises higher and higher, steps over the 39 ° C mark and is not going to stop, you should immediately consult a doctor. Especially when it comes to a child. In some children, due to the immaturity of the nervous system, high fever can cause seizures, like epileptic seizures, fraught with the death of brain cells. If the baby has a predisposition to this type of seizure, it is necessary to bring down the temperature without waiting for it to step over the mark set by the doctor.
Adults usually tolerate an increase in temperature without any consequences, but even here there is a critical point, after which it is imperative to start urgently lowering it. After 40 ° C, the patient should be under close medical supervision. After 42 ° C, proteins of muscle tissue and blood begin to fold in the body, heat damages nerve cells, the likelihood of death is not just high, but almost inevitable.
Therefore, it is necessary to carefully monitor the rising temperature, not to interfere with the body's fight against the disease, and if necessary, be sure to seek medical help.