Why Do Moles Appear On The Face? Their Types And Methods Of Removal

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Why Do Moles Appear On The Face? Their Types And Methods Of Removal
Why Do Moles Appear On The Face? Their Types And Methods Of Removal

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In the early 18th century, a mole on a woman's face was a symbol of purity and purity, and in some cases, the secret language of love. Velvet flies were designed not only to attract the eyes of men, but also to hide skin imperfections from them. Now moles on the face have lost their sacred meaning, but this does not mean that their owner should be indifferent to them.

Why do moles appear on the face?Their types and methods of removal
Why do moles appear on the face?Their types and methods of removal

How to determine the type of mole

Moles, the medical term is nevi, on the face and on the body require constant attention and proper care. By their origin, nevi are pigmented accumulations of cells (melanocytes) on the surface of the skin. They can be of different shapes, colors (red, white, black, brown, colorless), location. Any part of the body, even mucous membranes, is susceptible to the appearance of moles. But on the face, nevi are most noticeable and their owners want to either emphasize them or get rid of them. But with the second, you should not rush, because first you need to determine what type of moles yours belong to. Why is this needed? Depending on the type of moles, they are monitored, taken care of and removed, if necessary.

A pigmented or borderline nevus is a uniform, smooth spot of black, gray, or brown color. As a person grows, it can grow and go into an intradermal nevus - this type of moles on the face is the most common.

Intradermal nevus has a convex shape or rests on a "pedicle", while its edges may be heterogeneous. On a dark mole, you can see a capillary mesh or brown blotches.

Unlike pigmented nevus, a complex nevus is, as it were, raised above the skin. It looks like a painted bump with clear outlines.

With age, moles from the epidermal group may appear on the face. These are large neoplasms prone to inflammation and spread to the surface of the skin. Age moles can also include seborrheic kerastosis - an accumulation of small oval-shaped warts that cause itching. The formation of kerastosis can occur over several years, changing the shape and color of the nevi. Elderly people may also have blue or purple flat growths on the ear or lip. They arise due to the effect of the sun on weakened blood vessels.

Angioma is a dark red mole with a smooth surface. But they mostly appear on the body, on the face they can be found much less often.

The face is the site of localization of fibrous papules, although such moles are not common, they form on the nose or nasolabial fold. A papule of red or brown color rises on the surface of the skin, has a different density and size, hair. The fibrous papule tends to become inflamed upon contact (scratched, rubbed the nose).

Dangerous nevi include basilioma pigmentosa - a malignant neoplasm on the skin. Basilioma can grow into neighboring tissues, thereby destroying them, but it does not give metastases. On the skin it looks like a brown dotted grid with an uneven distribution.

Why moles appear

All babies are born with clean skin, the appearance of moles in small numbers is possible in the first year of life. By the way, women and girls are more prone to the appearance of nevi than men and this is due to an imbalanced hormonal background. Any sudden appearance of a neoplasm on the skin is a reason to consult an oncologist. But absolutely all people are susceptible to the appearance of moles and this is due to an excess of melanoblastomas of the epidermis. At a certain moment, when melanocytes, under the influence of external factors, pass from the epidermis to the dermis, a nevus develops.

Increased solar radiation (sunburn, solarium, sunburn) can be attributed to the unfavorable factors in the occurrence of moles.But to say that the sun is to blame for everything is wrong. A weakened immune system after severe infectious diseases, chemotherapy, transplantation of internal organs, AIDS, bullous dermatitis, Addison's disease becomes a catalyst for the appearance of moles. Moles "love" to grow on the sites of former scars and subcutaneous fibroids. If a woman has a hormonal imbalance during pregnancy and breastfeeding or taking hormonal contraceptives, moles will not be long in coming. At an older age, children's skin problems can also come back to haunt - atopic or allergic dermatitis, taking growth hormones.

Seborrheic kerastosis and basilioma appear on exposure to sunlight. Less often, their appearance is affected by prolonged contact with toxic or chemical substances, aerosols. Doctors call the cause of angiomas the herpes virus, which penetrates into the cells of small vessels. The impetus for reproduction can be reduced immunity, antibiotic treatment. Human papillomas also appear in response to a decrease in immunity, especially during adolescence, during pregnancy, or as a reaction to persistent skin irritation.

Care and observation of moles

New moles on the face can appear throughout a person's life and need constant monitoring and care. For any changes in the color, size and shape of the mole and the swollen area around it, you should consult an oncologist. If the mole suddenly began to hurt, swell, fluid appeared when pressed, do not waste time, contact the hospital. Moles cannot be injured, cut off, shaved off, combed, ripped off, rubbed, sealed with a plaster (contrary to popular belief), tattooed (tattooed) on them, removed and removed independently at home. Forget about folk remedies, such self-medication is dangerous and can lead to one consequence - melanoma - a malignant neoplasm of the skin.

Removal methods

But what to do if a mole gets in the way (especially in the area of ​​the lips and eyes), itches on the cheek and does not look aesthetically pleasing? Nevi can be permanently removed in a doctor's office using painless and safe methods. But first, the doctor will determine whether it is possible to remove this particular mole at all or it has already gone into the stage of rebirth. The specialist may prescribe additional tests: blood for tumor markers, ultrasound, histology. And only according to the results of the examination, a decision can be made on the method of removing the nevus.

The most common methods include:

Laser removal of a mole. This is the fastest and most painless procedure, after which, according to reviews, there are no scars or scars. Suitable for the removal of hanging papillomas, intradermal nevi. After the procedure, minimal hygienic care of the affected area is required.

With seborrheic keratosis, the method of removing moles with nitrogen is suitable. Cryodestruction freezes cells with low temperatures, tissue is destroyed and replaced with a new one. It is convenient to cauterize moles on the mucous membranes of the face with liquid nitrogen. The radio wave method is also suitable for those who are interested in aesthetic results. After such procedures, no scars and scars remain, and a large area can be treated at a time.

You can do electrocoagulation - to influence the nevus with high-frequency current. Suitable for large moles, but a crust remains after the procedure. If you follow the skin care regimen, there will be no scars on the skin.

Moles are also removed surgically. Basically, surgical intervention is required where moles are large or in the case of oncology. Cut out the mole with a scalpel, suture the incision site. Subsequently, a scar may remain, so this method is rarely used on the face and neck. On the other hand, only this method allows you to radically solve the problem.

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