Many experts believe that vision at the "minus 1" level is not a particular cause for concern, because this is a mild degree of myopia, which, at first glance, does not interfere with a person's ordinary life. Nevertheless, modern science opposes such an assumption, since even a small deviation from the norm can have a detrimental effect on human health. If your doctor diagnosed your vision as "minus 1", then you urgently need to start introducing measures to prevent the further development of myopia, so as not to further aggravate the problem.
Characteristics and first symptoms
If you begin to notice that distant objects, which previously were well within your field of attention, have become quite blurred, then most likely your vision has rushed to the "minus 1" level. Banner texts, creeping line, small characters - all this begins to change when a person's eyesight deteriorates. The fact is that due to health problems, our visual organs gradually stop focusing objects after they hit the retina. In this regard, the images that we see in the distance become indistinct and lose their original shape.
As you know, vision is diagnosed using special tables with letters of different sizes. People who have vision "minus 1" do not see the last few lines of such a document, since the rays entering their field of vision are fixed immediately before the printout. In addition, the most accurate level of vision helps to determine the frame of glasses with interchangeable lenses, which is used in every professional clinic. It is he who diagnoses the exact number of diopria, allowing the doctor to name the patient's final diagnosis.
Scientists note that vision "minus 1" can be established for two reasons: accommodative and anatomical myopia. Depending on them, unique predictions are built that reveal the further development of a person's visual capabilities.
With accommodative myopia in a person, muscles begin to weaken, affecting the movement of the eye lens. Because of this, the functions of a natural lens are lost, which ceases to transform the necessary shapes that help to correctly refract the incoming light. Especially often this type of myopia is diagnosed in children and adolescents, because sometimes their not yet fully developed organism does not have time to adjust all systems for the rapid growth of the body. This also affects visual functions, slowing down their functioning.
If the doctor has identified your anatomical myopia, then it should be noted right away that this is a more serious visual disease, since in the course of its course the structure and proportions of the eye organs change. The eyeball can begin to stretch, and the position of the retina transforms in its relation to the lens. All this in the future can have a significant effect on the defocusing of the rays coming from the external environment. As a rule, anatomical myopia occurs due to poor heredity, so if your relatives have vision problems, it is better to start diagnostics in advance and visit a specialist. It is recommended to do an ultrasound of the eyeball, since it is this study that can show all the information regarding the structure and shape of the visual organs.
Treatment and prevention
If you have accommodative myopia, you will not need glasses for further treatment. After all, this type of visual diseases does not imply any intervention with the help of third-party means. Experts are sure that in this situation, wearing glasses can even have the opposite effect and further impair vision.This is because the functioning of weak muscles slows down and atrophies when a person with accommodative myopia begins to wear glasses. They begin to squeeze the surface of the eyeball much more and omnipotently influence its subsequent degradation. To remedy the situation, it is enough to do visual gymnastics several times a day to increase muscle tone and use special eye drops prescribed by a specialist.
Nevertheless, with anatomical myopia, wearing glasses is the best way to correct the situation. Patients with “minus 1” vision are advised to wear them for several hours a day in case of direct collision with indistinct objects in their field of vision. However, the effect of glasses does not always lead to a positive result. In especially advanced cases, specialists also recommend that their patients carry out medical vision correction, with which it is possible to correct defects in the visual organs. You need to understand that there are several types of correction, the safest of which is laser intervention, which sets fire to the cornea of the eye and makes it flatter in shape.
Despite the fact that visual impairment is a big problem requiring prompt medical intervention, it should be noted that “minus 1” vision is a fairly mild form of myopia that can be quickly treated. This can be done through the use of special preventive measures that prevent the further progression of diseases.
- Most ophthalmologists recommend paying attention to the hygiene of their eyes, because clogging elements can distort the structure of our eyeball and lead to complications.
- You should plan your work schedule, since overstraining negatively affects the work of the visual organs, especially if you work a lot with texts or electronic media.
- If you feel that your eyes are tired, you need to do visual exercises, closing your eyes for a minute and making a few simple movements with the eyeballs.
- Experts recommend using sedative drops when you cannot be distracted from work, and the data begins to flow out of focus into your field of vision.
- Be careful with activities that require lifting heavy objects, as this can cause a slight shake in your visual apparatus, leading to a change in its functioning.
Food system and lifestyle
Vision "minus 1" requires a change in the diet, since it is very important that more nutrients and minerals begin to enter the human body, which have a positive effect on the functioning of the visual organs. You should regularly consume foods such as carrots, herbs, dried fruits, eggs, pumpkin, and nuts.
In addition, in order to start the recovery process and subsequently improve your vision by moving it from the minus 1 mark, you need to go in for sports: swimming, jogging, volleyball. Indeed, in the process of performing sports exercises, the motor activity of the eyes increases, as a result of which their functioning improves.
It is necessary to completely quit smoking, as it has a devastating effect on the human eyeball, and also begin to regulate your daily tasks, not forgetting about rest. In free minutes, you should be engaged in restoring your own vision, performing gymnastics and relaxing the visual apparatus. It is impossible to keep your eyeballs in tension all the time, especially if the doctor has already diagnosed your vision as "minus 1". If possible, it is necessary to get rid of complex work that requires constant concentration of attention.
Particular attention should be paid to sleep. After all, when you sleep only a couple of hours a day, your vision begins to deteriorate due to muscle weakness.Therefore, ophthalmologists strongly recommend sleeping at least 7 hours a day and be sure to thoroughly rinse your eyes after sleep, because during the night they accumulate many substances that prevent clear focus.