The high temperature in a child should be brought down when it exceeds 38, 3-38, 5 degrees and has a tendency to further increase. Sometimes it is necessary to carry out antipyretic measures at a lower body temperature. It is imperative to call a doctor for a febrile child, but parents should help the baby before the doctor arrives.
Climate in the children's room
First of all, in the nursery, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for a sick baby. The air temperature should be no higher than 16-18 degrees. To do this, you can open a window in the next room so that cool air can freely penetrate into the nursery. The younger the child, the worse his thermoregulation system, sweating, and the faster he overheats. And just one inhalation of cool air allows you to remove excess heat through the lungs. It is highly desirable to additionally humidify the air, for this you can use mobile humidifiers, and in the absence of special devices, you can hang a damp towel or sheet in the room.
The right clothes
A feverish child should be properly dressed. A thin cotton T-shirt and panties will be enough, in extreme cases, if the child is shivering, you can put thin cotton pajamas on him. Remove diapers from young children. You should not cover the child with a warm blanket; a sheet or cotton duvet cover will be enough.
Loss of fluid for a child can be fatal. And if the baby has a fever, in almost all cases dehydration (dehydration) of the body occurs, water and salt are lost, so a child with a fever needs to increase the drinking regime. The kid must constantly drink water. Fluid should be given in small portions, but very often, focusing on diuresis. The most optimal regimen for giving liquid is considered to be the use of one teaspoon or tablespoon of water every 5-7 minutes. In addition to water, you can offer to drink not very sweet fruit juice in a small amount, compote or fruit drink. In addition, pharmacies sell special preparations to combat dehydration, which contain all the necessary salts in their composition. For example, the drug "Regidron" is sold in powder form and is diluted with water. The medicine helps to replenish not only lost water, but also electrolytes.
All types of fluids are given in turn. Once your baby starts urinating regularly, you can double the time between drinking. It is important to know that the higher the temperature, the more pronounced dehydration. Small children can be soldered through a syringe (without a needle) or from a bottle. Babies should not be limited to milk. And in between feedings, you need to give clean water. Do not give a rhinestone a large volume of liquid, this can provoke vomiting.
Physical methods of cooling
The most effective physical method of cooling is rubbing the baby with a towel soaked in warm water. The water temperature should be 1-2 degrees lower than the body temperature of the sick baby. Do not use cold water. You can wipe the whole body, and especially the face, scalp, neck. After wiping down, you can fan your baby for a while to evaporate more water from the surface of the body and cool it faster.
It is strictly forbidden to wipe the child with vodka, alcohol or vinegar !!! There are known facts of poisoning of children with alcohol due to its absorption through the skin and inhalation of alcohol and vinegar vapors.
Another method of physical cooling is the use of a cold water heating pad. To do this, the heating pad should be filled with cold water, then wrapped in a cotton cloth or moss towel and applied to certain parts of the baby's body.You can apply a cold compress to the forehead, to the lateral surface of the neck (in the projection of the carotid arteries), in the armpits, on the lower ribs on the right (in the projection of the liver). A hot water bottle with cold water may be in each area for several minutes. In addition, there are now on sale cooling patches that are attached to the forehead.
It is worth resorting to immersion of a feverish child in a bath of water only as a last resort, when other methods are ineffective and medications are not available. The temperature of the water in the bathroom should be 1-2 degrees lower than the temperature of the child himself. Immersion should be done slowly and gradually. Immersing a child too quickly in a bathtub with too cold water can lead to reflex cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest.