Hyperthermia (fever) is an increase in body temperature over 38, 0 ° C. Most often, the causes of hyperthermic syndrome are: infectious (meningitis, tonsillitis, scarlet fever) or viral (ARVI, influenza, parainfluenza, pneumonia, bronchitis) diseases, as well as allergic reactions and diseases of the endocrine system.
Physical cooling methods are widely used to reduce heat. The baby needs to be opened, warm clothes removed; put a towel soaked in cold water on your forehead; you can rub the whole body with a terry mitten or a sponge dipped in 40% alcohol, vodka, 9% vinegar and water in a 1: 1 ratio); make blowing with a fan; put ice bubbles in the groin area (on the projection of large blood vessels).
The child is given an additional drink in the form of tea with lemon, fruit drink, water (0.5-1.0 liters more than the norm by age). The temperature must be lowered slowly and gradually, no more than 1 ° C per hour.
In children's practice, effective and safe antipyretic drugs are used: nurofen and paracetamol. Ibobrufen (nurofen) is very convenient to use, as it retains its antipyretic effect for 12 hours and is given to the baby 2 times a day. The frequency of taking paracetamol during the day is no more than 4 times.
Medicines are available in the form of tablets, suppositories, syrup, pills and other forms. All antipyretic drugs are used only as directed by a pediatrician. For children under the age of 12 months, antipyretic drugs are prescribed in the form of syrup or rectal suppositories. Single doses of the drug in children are calculated for a year of life or a kilogram of weight.
If, after carrying out all the activities, the child's temperature does not decrease, you need to call the pediatrician from the children's clinic, and in the evenings and weekends, call the medical team from the ambulance station. In this case, an intramuscular lytic mixture is prescribed, consisting of 50% analgin and 1% diphenhydramine.