What Are The Consequences Of A Coma

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What Are The Consequences Of A Coma
What Are The Consequences Of A Coma

Video: What Are The Consequences Of A Coma

Video: What Happens To Your Body in a Coma? 2022, December
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Coma is a very serious phase of the disease that is completely unpredictable. Indeed, it has not yet been clearly studied what a person feels during a coma, on what its duration depends. Also, no one can predict what the consequences of such a difficult development of events will be.

What are the consequences of a coma
What are the consequences of a coma

The word "coma" in translation from Greek means "deep sleep, nap". It is characterized as loss of consciousness, a sharp weakening or loss of reaction to external stimuli, extinction of reflexes, etc.

A coma develops as a result of inhibition in the cerebral cortex with spread to the subcortex and other parts of the nervous system. As a rule, the main reason for the development of coma is the violation of blood circulation in the brain due to head trauma, inflammation affecting the brain, etc.

Coma reasons

The reasons for the coma can be very diverse. For example, a person can become immobilized and insensitive due to serious damage to both the head and the brain, as a result of contracting a serious viral infection such as meningitis, lack of oxygen in the brain for a long time, poisoning with any drugs or chemicals, as a result of alcoholic intoxication, etc.

Of course, you should not think that if any event from the specified list occurs, this will immediately lead to the development of a coma. Each person has the risk of developing such a pathology as a coma individually.

In general, the mechanism for the appearance of a coma as a result of one of these reasons is quite simple: some of the brain cells wipe off and stop functioning, as a result of which a person loses consciousness and falls into a coma.

Types of coma

Coma is divided into several different degrees, depending on the severity of the patient's condition. As a rule, it is divided into 3 main types:

- deep;

- just a coma;

- superficial.

In general, who in medicine is divided into 15 degrees. However, about 5 of the most basic ones can be distinguished from them, which, as a result, are reduced to 3 basic states.

In the first case, we are talking about a situation when the patient does not come to his senses at all and does not react in any way to any stimuli. At the same time, he does not make sounds, does not respond to the voice and touch of even those closest.

In a normal coma, the patient may make any sounds and even open his eyes spontaneously. However, he is not conscious.

Superficial coma is characterized by the fact that the patient, being unconscious, can open his eyes in response to the voice. In some cases, he can even pronounce certain words and answer questions. True, speech is most often incoherent.

Exit from a coma is characterized by a gradual restoration of the nervous system and brain functions. As a rule, they return in the order of their oppression. First, the pupils begin to react, then consciousness returns.

Consequences

On average, a coma lasts 1-3 weeks. However, there are often cases when it continued for a longer time - people can lie unconscious for years.

The patient's return to consciousness occurs gradually. At first he comes to his senses for a couple of hours, then this time increases more and more. As a rule, the body goes through several different stages during this time. And what the consequences will be depends on how he copes with the load imposed on him.

Since the brain is affected in a coma, one should be prepared for the fact that the patient may not recover many vital functions. For example, quite often people cannot walk, talk, move their arms, etc. Naturally, the severity of the injury directly depends on the degree of coma in which the patient has been. So, for example, after a superficial coma, you can come to your senses an order of magnitude faster than after a normal one. The third degree is usually characterized by almost complete destruction of the brain.This means that there is no need to wait for good recovery results.

Among the most common problems faced by a person who has been in a coma is memory impairment, decreased attention, various changes in behavior (lethargy, aggressiveness, etc.). Sometimes relatives do not even recognize a person close to them.

Also, after a coma, many patients recover their everyday skills for a long time. For example, they cannot eat on their own, wash themselves, etc.

One of the signs of recovery and recovery of a person after a coma is the desire for any activity. However, in this case, you should not be too happy and immediately give the patient maximum loads - a too abrupt return to normal life can negatively affect his condition and lead to a noticeable deterioration in well-being.

Naturally, you should be prepared for the fact that you will have to spend a lot of efforts on recovery. The list of important rehabilitation measures includes gymnastics (to restore motor skills), maintaining hygiene, proper nutrition, walks, good sleep, taking medications and regular consultations with a doctor.

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