Why Do We Hiccup

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Why Do We Hiccup
Why Do We Hiccup
Anonim

Hiccups can be either a harmless phenomenon that passes on its own within a few minutes after the start, or a signal of ongoing pathological processes in the body. Today, medicine is known for a number of factors that affect the appearance of hiccups, among which some diseases of human organs, nervous breakdown or respiratory disorders are noted.

Why do we hiccup
Why do we hiccup

Causes of hiccups

Typically, hiccups occur with sudden contractions of the respiratory muscle called the diaphragm. The phenomenon is associated with pinching of the vagus nerve, which passes into the abdominal cavity through the chest, tightly adjacent to the esophagus. The vagus nerve becomes irritated when a person eats too quickly or breathes in harshly, which can be triggered, for example, by fear. The nervous system reacts to the compression of the vagus nerve, which signals the brain to contract the diaphragm to release this nerve. Thus, hiccups are a defense mechanism that relieves nerve tension.

Normal hiccups are not stressful for the body and they can go away on their own after a while. If the hiccups are too frequent and persistent, it may be due to lesions in the digestive tract. So, the phenomenon occurs often in patients with gastritis. In some cases, hiccups are a harbinger of myocardial infarction. In rare cases, hiccups occur when there are tumors in the esophagus, lungs and neck of a person. Also, the phenomenon warns of an increase in intracranial pressure and sometimes indicates the presence of an intervertebral hernia.

The phenomenon can occur as a result of hypothermia, especially often in young children. Sometimes hiccups occur when overeating, which causes excessive stretching of the stomach walls.

Treatment

In case of prolonged hiccups, you should consult your doctor for an appropriate treatment. However, despite the level of development of modern medicine, there is no single way to cure the symptoms of spasms. A doctor's examination should be carried out if the phenomenon lasts more than an hour and occurs several times a day for a week. You should also consult a specialist if, in addition to hiccups, you experience chest pain, dysfunction of swallowing, or concomitant heartburn. The doctor will be able to prescribe an x-ray, which will identify the obstruction in the esophagus causing these symptoms.

The most common methods of getting rid of hiccups are deep breaths and exhalations with air holding in the lungs, drinking a few sips of water. To get rid of the spasm, you should stabilize your breathing by making it even and deep. Some experts recommend eating or drinking something bitter or sour. For example, some experts call a slice of lemon a good remedy for hiccups.

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