How To Diagnose Thrush

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How To Diagnose Thrush
How To Diagnose Thrush

Video: How To Diagnose Thrush

Video: Oral Candidiasis (Oral Thrush) | Causes, Pathophysiology, Signs & Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment 2022, November

Thrush is a disease caused by a yeast-like fungus of the genus Candida. It is the most common fungal infection among women. According to statistics, women of childbearing age with reduced immunity and who have chronic diseases are more likely to suffer from thrush.

How to diagnose thrush
How to diagnose thrush


Step 1

Fungi of the genus Candida are normally contained in the normal microflora of the vagina in small quantities. But in the presence of accompanying factors, they begin to multiply vigorously, and candidiasis develops.

Step 2

Such factors include long-term antibiotic treatment without taking antifungal drugs, decreased immunity in the presence of chronic inflammatory processes in the body, malnutrition with a predominance of carbohydrate foods. Thrush is a frequent companion of a disease such as diabetes mellitus, it can appear when taking contraception and pregnancy (due to hormonal shift).

Step 3

Also, thrush can appear when wearing synthetic or too tight underwear. This is due to the fact that it does not allow heat and moisture to pass through well, and ideal conditions are created for the reproduction of fungi. Genital candidiasis is also found in men, among them about 20% are carriers of the fungus. It is especially common in patients with diabetes and obesity.

Step 4

The symptoms of thrush are so obvious that it is almost impossible to confuse it with anything. First, there is discomfort, burning and itching in the vagina and external genitalia, pain when urinating. Then there is abundant curdled discharge from the vagina, white. In men, candidiasis affects the glans penis and foreskin. There is a whitish bloom, redness, itching and burning in the foreskin and glans. May be disturbed by pain during urination and during intercourse.

Step 5

Thrush is not a dangerous disease, but it can cause enormous discomfort in everyday life, so it is important to start treating it correctly and in a timely manner. In rare cases, thrush can become chronic with involvement of the intestines and bladder in the process.

Step 6

To diagnose thrush, it is enough to visit a gynecologist and take a smear from the vagina; with candidiasis, fungi of the genus Candida are found in it. If the diagnosis of thrush is confirmed, it is recommended to take a blood and urine test for sugar to exclude diabetes mellitus.

Step 7

When treating, first of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of thrush - to normalize the microflora and acidity of the vagina, if possible, stop taking antibiotics, eliminate intestinal dysbiosis. Sowing on the microflora is mandatory to determine the sensitivity to drugs from the fungus, then antifungal drugs are prescribed. After the course of treatment, you need to re-take a smear for candida to make sure that you are completely recovered.

Step 8

For the prevention of thrush during antibiotic treatment, it is necessary to use antifungal drugs. According to recent reports, if a woman's partner has no symptoms of the disease, treatment is not necessary.

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