Neoplasms in the area of the brain make themselves felt only when their size reaches about one centimeter. In order to diagnose the disease in time, you should be aware of its early symptoms.
A brain tumor is a neoplasm in the cranial cavity that occurs as a result of cell division. This is caused by burdened heredity, poor ecology, smoking. The disease manifests itself in both adults and children.
Types of brain tumors
- Tumors consisting of neurons, glial cells, lymphatic and blood vessels, nerves, meninges, pineal gland, pituitary gland. Such neoplasms are called primary.
- Secondary - these are metastases of the primary focus of other localizations.
Also, neoplasms are benign and malignant (cancer). In this case, this division is arbitrary, since there is not enough room for growth inside the cranium, and a benign tumor can significantly compress the brain area and lead to death.
Neoplasms are located in the brain (from brain cells) or outside it (meninges and blood vessels).
Symptoms at different stages are divided into focal and cerebral.
- Cerebral are caused by increased pressure in the skull and cerebral edema.
- Focal symptoms depend on the location of the neoplasm.
For a long time, the symptoms of the disease are not felt. They appear when the tumor has grown and strongly squeezed the adjacent areas. Education even less than a centimeter can have serious manifestations and consequences. Let's talk about the earliest symptoms.
- One of the first manifestations is headache. Often occurs at night and in the morning, is not relieved by painkillers. It is relieved by taking drugs that reduce intracranial pressure (for example, diuretics). Physical stress, movement increases pain. Accompanied by nausea and vomiting, which does not bring relief, is not associated with food intake, more often in the morning.
- Loss of consciousness. Sometimes it is accompanied by convulsions of the epileptic type, from minor manifestations of the absence type, when the patient freezes, stops talking and then does not remember it, to tonic-clonic.
- Prolonged dizziness caused by compression of the cerebellum or decreased oxygen delivery to brain tissue. It seems to the patient that the surrounding objects are moving.
- General weakness, increased fatigue. It is difficult for a person to do daily work that was previously easy.
- Violation of movement and sensitivity (tactile, pain), paresis, paralysis of half of the body. Coordination of movements is impaired, the person walks like a drunk. Large sweeping handwriting, head trembling.
- Mental and memory disorders. The person becomes irritable, the so-called "frontal psyche" appears (silly jokes, a sharp change in mood). The personality becomes different. Memory loses in whole or in part.
- Vision problems. Either the person stops seeing or does not understand what he is seeing. Strabismus may develop. The feeling of "flies" before the eyes, the field of vision falls out, double vision, nystagmus.
- Hallucinations. Noises, voices are heard. Visitors are less common, they are manifested by flashes of light.
If these complaints appear, you should consult a doctor. Echo-encephalography, CT, MRI of the brain are used for diagnostics. Now, methods of treatment allow in many cases to successfully fight neoplasms. The earlier a tumor is detected, the better the prognosis.