The only way to avoid pregnancy by having sex is to use contraception, that is, to use some form of contraception. All of them differ significantly from each other, some are more effective, others less. According to the method of action, they can be conditionally divided into barrier and hormonal.
The birth control pill is a revolutionary method of contraception that has made the lives of millions of women around the world easier. You just need to take a pill every day at the same time, and if you do not forget to do this, then the effectiveness of the method is extremely high. There are many types of oral contraceptives, but in order to choose the right one, you must definitely consult your doctor, since these drugs have serious contraindications. It should also be remembered that pills will not protect you from infections, so oral contraceptives are ideal only for those with a trusted partner.
The condom is the most versatile and effective method of protection, which also helps protect against genital infections. It is very important to put on a condom correctly, it depends on how effectively it will protect you. There are not only male but also female condoms. Despite the somewhat strange appearance and some inconvenience in use, there are people who use them.
Other types of hormonal drugs, such as a ring, injections (there is even a hormonal patch!) Work in the same way as pills, but their advantage is that the girl does not need to think about whether she forgot to take the right portion of the "medicine" … The disadvantages of long-term methods include the fact that if the drug causes side effects, you will have to wait until its action ends. Injections, for example, last for three months.
An intrauterine device is a special object, quite a bit like a spiral, which is inserted by a doctor into the uterus. The peculiarity of the spiral is that it can cause some changes in the uterus, sometimes even contribute to the development of inflammation or infertility (this is very rare). In the vast majority of cases, soon after the removal of the spiral, a woman can conceive again.
Sterilization is, although not generally accepted, it is undoubtedly a very effective method of contraception. It is suitable only for those people who are absolutely sure that they will no longer want to have children. For men, the operation is quite simple, for women, everything is much more complicated.
There are other methods of contraception that have a rather low effectiveness, the so-called outdated methods. For example, this is interrupted intercourse and calendar counting. Coitus interruptus is the removal of the penis before ejaculation occurs. The calendar method consists in determining the time of ovulation and calculating the days when a woman can conceive. Sex partners are engaged in a "safe" time. It should be remembered that outdated methods are not really working methods of contraception. According to statistics, more than half of the regular couples who use them conceive a child within a year.