Smoking is an addiction that is not easy to get rid of. For this reason, women continue to smoke even when they are pregnant. Of course, doctors argue that this habit can negatively affect the health of the baby, but often expectant mothers have no idea how serious everything can be.
Smoking of the expectant mother is fraught with congenital fetal abnormalities. Most of them occur in the 1st trimester of pregnancy. At this time, the laying and development of the organs and systems of the future baby begins. As a result, nicotine, hydrocyanic acid, carbon monoxide, harmful tar and some carcinogens that cause cancerous tumors instantly penetrate the fetus through the placenta. It is important to know that the doses of substances that enter the body of an unborn baby are much higher than in a woman's blood. The placenta is the link through which the connection between the mother and the fetus is carried out. However, in a pregnant woman who smokes, it does not develop quite correctly. As a result, the transportation of amino acids is disrupted, and the fetus is in a state of oxygen deficiency. You should know that nicotine gets to the child through the blood, placenta and amniotic fluid. As a result, he receives a double dose of this substance. It accumulates in large quantities in the trachea, tonsils, brain tissue and kidneys. Nicotine, of course, is excreted, but very slowly.
Problems after birth
Due to the smoking of the mother, the fetus develops oxygen starvation, which leads to intrauterine growth retardation. Also, most children are born with low body weight, they get sick more often than others, development in comparison with their peers is slower, in addition, they are prone to infant death. Quite often smoking during pregnancy leads to deviations in psychophysical development. As a rule, such children have a low IQ, they are nervous, inattentive and irritable. It is important to remember that nicotine is bad for the mental performance of a child. Thus, children of mothers who smoke suffer from useless hyperactivity and impulsivity, and their mental development is usually below average. The reason lies in the insufficient supply of oxygen to the fetal brain.
Women who smoke, as a rule, have no idea what their addiction can turn out to be for them. So, because of it, the risks of an unfavorable termination of pregnancy increase. There is a high probability of placenta previa, premature placental abruption, bleeding. Also, smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage. Moreover, the fetus may die or the baby will die immediately after birth. This habit can cost a woman herself.