Hygiene Of Girls Of School Age, Girls, Women

Hygiene Of Girls Of School Age, Girls, Women
Hygiene Of Girls Of School Age, Girls, Women

Video: Hygiene Of Girls Of School Age, Girls, Women

Video: India: Managing Menstrual Hygiene 2022, December
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Hygiene of girls of school age, girls, women
Hygiene of girls of school age, girls, women

School-age girls are characterized by rapid growth and the onset of puberty. Early puberty usually results in stunted growth. The average age of the onset of menstruation is 11-15 years.

With premenstrual syndrome and menstrual irregularities, the regimen should be special, up to release from school and exercise.

Girls need special care with the appearance of menarche. By this time, the girl should be aware of the physiological nature of menstruation and their regular recurrence in the future. Keeping the external genitals clean during puberty (especially during menstruation) is extremely important. Girls should be trained to use sanitary napkins, which should be changed 3-4 times a day. During this period, intense work and sports activities, mental overload should be avoided. teachers and parents should be aware of the characteristics of the girl's character during the formation of the menstrual cycle and during each menstruation. although during their time the girl should not be considered sick, it is necessary to remember about a certain decrease in her mental and physical capacity for work, as well as the general resistance of the body.

In parallel with the onset of menstruation, there is an increase in the mammary glands, thyroid gland, lung capacity, pelvic size, rapid growth of pubic and armpit hair. The excitability of the nervous system, character and mood change. At this time, a special regimen is required, and in some cases, examination and the use of sedatives.

During all periods of a woman's life, and especially during puberty, hygiene of rest, food, clothing, physical education and sports are important along with the observance of the rules of personal hygiene.

The duration of a night's sleep should be at least 9 hours, sometimes an afternoon nap (1-2 hours) is recommended. It is necessary to strictly observe the daily routine, which contributes to the consolidation of conditioned reflex connections and the rhythmic functioning of physiological functions. clothes should be loose, not constricting or squeezing the body.

In childhood, the metabolism and the need for calories are increased, associated with the need for the formation of new tissues. Therefore, in the diet of girls, first of all, a sufficient amount of proteins (meat, cottage cheese, eggs, milk) should be provided. The amount of fats and carbohydrates entering the body must be balanced and not lead to obesity. Both vitamin deficiencies and an excess of vitamins adversely affect the growing body, cause menstrual disorders. Girls have a tendency to atony of the intestines and bladder, which can be aggravated by false modesty in a timely manner (often during the lesson) to visit the toilet. An overflowing bladder and rectum contribute to the development of anomalies in the position of the genitals, especially the uterus, congestion and menstrual disorders. Stool regulation is just as important as food intake. For constipation, you should eat vegetables, black bread, prunes, which regulate intestinal peristalsis, as an extreme option, laxatives. The bladder should be emptied every 3-4 hours; urine should not be held until it is overstretched.

Particular attention should be paid to clothing hygiene. Clothing should take into account the direction of fashion, aesthetic requirements, but at the same time, correspond to the weather, season and not disturb blood circulation (tight jeans with a low waist, tight belts, etc.) Underwear (panties, shirts, bras, stockings) should be made from natural raw materials (linen, cotton). Girls' panties should be changed or washed daily to avoid contamination of the vulva.Until the end of the formation of the pelvis and skeleton, girls are not recommended shoes with high heels and rigid soles.

The girl's hygiene necessarily provides for regular physical education and sports, carried out not only at school, but also at home. The set of exercises is selected taking into account the age and individual characteristics of the child.

Sanitary educational work among girls is carried out by parents, teachers, sanitary workers at all age periods. Lectures on sex education have a special place in the system of promoting sanitary knowledge. In the formation of the girl's psyche, home upbringing and the relationship between parents in the family are of paramount importance.

A girl entering into marriage should prepare for the birth and raising of offspring. The best age for marriage is considered to be 20-21 years for women and 24-25 years for men.

The question of a woman's ability to conceive and bear children is decided during a gynecological examination, and in special cases, during an examination in a hospital.

The first sexual intercourse is usually accompanied by a tear of the hymen, in which there may be tears in the walls of the vagina and fornix, which is accompanied by bleeding, pain and requires suturing. Minor tears heal on their own in 5-7 days. During this period, you should observe careful hygiene and refrain from the following sexual intercourse for 4-5 days. Sharp soreness at the beginning of sexual activity, a rude husband's attitude can lead to vaginismus.

During menstruation, you need to refrain from sexual intercourse in order to prevent inflammatory diseases. Every woman who is sexually active should keep a report card and record the onset and duration of menstruation.

The frequency of sexual intercourse depends on the state of health, temperament and age of the spouses. Frequent sexual intercourse and long breaks in sexual activity are undesirable.

The hygiene of a woman in the climacteric period is closely related to a change in the function of the entire nervous system, a violation of hormonal balance, metabolic processes, reflex-vascular disorders and anatomical and physiological changes in the genitals. hygienic measures consist in observing the general regimen, caring for the body, in constant medical supervision, for the condition of the genitals, cardiovascular system, etc.

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