Swelling During Late Pregnancy: Causes

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Swelling During Late Pregnancy: Causes
Swelling During Late Pregnancy: Causes
Video: Swelling During Late Pregnancy: Causes
Video: Pregnancy swelling (edema) 2023, February

The last trimester should be considered especially important for a pregnant woman. It is during this period that a significant increase in the size and weight of the fetus occurs, to which the body of the expectant mother begins to react most actively. And the most significant problem for a woman's health in late pregnancy is edema, which is often caused by physiological health.

Edema during late pregnancy is an important symptom of a health problem
Edema during late pregnancy is an important symptom of a health problem

Not always edematous symptoms during pregnancy of women in late stages indicate the appearance of complications. This period is generally characterized by an increase in the size of the uterus, which, in turn, initiates an increase in pressure on the ureters. Because of this, the liquid is poorly excreted from the body, and puffiness appears. Diagnosis of this symptom occurs not only visually, but also by monitoring weight. In this case, plant and dairy diets against the background of full fluid intake (up to two liters of water per day) will be able to balance the body's metabolism. Moreover, it is important to monitor the amount of urine excreted. In this context, at least 60% of the volume of fluid consumed can be considered the norm.

Adjusting the regimen and nutrition can be an effective method of dealing with puffiness in late pregnancy. And in cases where the result cannot be achieved on your own, you should already seek advice from medical specialists. After all, edema is accompanied not only by an unsatisfactory aesthetic appearance and physical malaise, but also evidence of pathologies in the form of preeclampsia, varicose veins or renal failure. And the first of these diseases is the most dangerous for the health of a woman and a fetus, as well as a common one. Thus, even against the background of the satisfactory condition of the expectant mother, it is imperative to inform the gynecologist about severe edema. Indeed, otherwise, there may be a real threat to the life of the child due to, for example, oxygen starvation.

Causes of edema

It is important to understand that puffiness during pregnancy in late stages begins to manifest itself gradually. First it touches the legs, then it reaches the arms and lower back, and lastly it appears on the face.

Swelling of the legs is common in women in late pregnancy
Swelling of the legs is common in women in late pregnancy

Edema is most often accompanied by the following types of pathologies:

- kidney disease that disrupts the process of urine excretion from the body;

- protein deficiency;

- cardiovascular diseases that disrupt normal blood circulation;

- violation of the functionality of the thyroid gland, affecting the water-salt balance;

- varicose veins;

- overweight.

To carry out effective treatment in this case, it is necessary to correctly diagnose the nature of edema, which can only be done by a qualified medical specialist.

Types of edema

Swelling of the legs during late pregnancy is quite common. This is due to the fact that fluid retention in the body occurs due to gravity from the bottom up. This usually becomes most pronounced in the evening. After all, for the whole day on the legs, the liquid is concentrated here. And overnight, the swelling is more or less distributed throughout the body. Therefore, in the morning it becomes less noticeable. Such symptoms can be considered quite normal.

You should consult a doctor in cases where the swelling of the legs does not go away even after a night's rest. This is usually associated with late gestosis. The pathological condition is first accompanied by weakness, malaise and negative health. It is important for a woman at this time to carefully monitor her own weight. If the increase is more than half a kilogram per week, then you need to sound the alarm.Usually, weight increases rapidly with increased blood pressure, protein in the urine, and seizures. In this case, hospitalization and complex treatment are inevitable.

In case of edema in late pregnancy, the expectant mother should consult a doctor
In case of edema in late pregnancy, the expectant mother should consult a doctor

Swelling of the fingers during pregnancy in late stages indicates that it is imperative to see a doctor. This is very easy to verify by how, for example, it becomes problematic to remove a wedding ring from your hand. In addition, swelling of the fingers is accompanied by numbness and tingling sensations. It is important to understand that when the swelling has already risen to the level of the fingers, the threat to the child's health has increased. This is usually due to the professional activities of a pregnant woman. Thus, uniform manipulations of the hands (knitting, embroidery, computer work, etc.) lead to tunnel syndromes, accompanied by typical pain in the wrist area. In this case, a woman is required to give up such work during pregnancy and perform special exercises for the hands.

Swelling on the face is accompanied by swelling of the eyelids and the characteristic roundness of its shape. In addition, nasal edema is common. This is due to the fact that fluid accumulates in the vessels, and there are problems with the airway patency. Symptoms include a runny nose, itching and dryness. In this case, the doctor must choose the most optimal course of treatment. After all, rhinitis does not threaten a woman's health, but it is very dangerous for a baby due to the negative consequences of oxygen deficiency.

In addition to the above types of edema during pregnancy in late stages, there are also hidden forms. Their identification can occur against the background of a significant increase in the woman's body weight (over 300 grams per week). In this context, it must be borne in mind that the total weight gain should not exceed twelve kilograms for the entire period of a woman's pregnancy. In case of violation of this norm, control of the consumed fluid and excreted urine should be carried out.

The importance of a medical examination

During a physical examination of a pregnant woman, a gynecologist diagnoses the early stages of pastiness. In addition, swelling during pregnancy in the third trimester is detected by weighing.

Swelling in the third trimester of pregnancy is important to correctly diagnose
Swelling in the third trimester of pregnancy is important to correctly diagnose

An important case study is urinalysis, which detects the degree of kidney function, which, in turn, determines the specific variant of edema. Often, to determine an accurate diagnosis, it is required to carry out a number of additional studies in the form of a blood test, ultrasound of the kidneys, etc. After a comprehensive study of the analyzes, the doctor will already be able to prescribe an effective course of treatment.

How to treat edema during pregnancy

For the prevention and treatment of physiological edema, expectant mothers need to follow fairly simple recommendations.

- You need to lead an active lifestyle, excluding, as far as possible, a large amount of time spent in a sitting position. It is advisable to perform specially designed physical exercises.

- Make special baths with warm (not hot!) Water for the feet, reducing swelling in them. The addition of essential oil and a regular course of treatment will increase the effectiveness of this procedure.

- It is necessary to exclude overheating, being in stuffy rooms and in direct sunlight.

- You need to walk only in comfortable and high-quality shoes.

- It is important to exclude fried, smoked, salty and spicy foods from the diet, as well as limit the use of pastries and sweets. This is due to the fact that such food makes it difficult to remove fluid from the body.

For edema in late pregnancy, you should eat right and follow the regimen
For edema in late pregnancy, you should eat right and follow the regimen

As a medication for the treatment of edema in women in late pregnancy, they are advised to use decongestant ointments and gels. And in some cases, compression stockings will also help.With gestosis, women are usually prescribed diuretic drugs that have an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect, and also normalize kidney functionality. In addition, the general course of treatment involves improving the uteroplacental blood flow (vitamin complexes), normalizing blood pressure (antihypertensive drugs) and restoring protein deficiency (droppers).

It is important for expectant mothers to understand that in order to get involved in the help of traditional medicine, which today is very widely represented in a wide variety of sources, including the Internet, it is imperative to consult a medical specialist.

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