A compress is a dressing or patch that is dry and wet. A dry compress is made from 3-4 layers of sterile tissue and cotton wool, which must be secured with a bandage. Used to protect a bruise or wound from contamination and cooling. Wet compresses are divided into hot, warming and cold. They are applied to areas of the body where the pathological process occurs.
- - a piece of cloth, preferably linen;
- - compress paper;
- - oilcloth;
- - cotton wool;
- - wide bandage.
In order to put a warming compress, prepare a cloth, oilcloth, cotton wool and a wide bandage. Lubricate the place where the compress is applied with petroleum jelly or vegetable oil, then wet a piece of cloth in a medicinal composition (for example, it can be a solution of alcohol and oil) and apply to the sore spot. Place a piece of oilcloth on the fabric, and on top of the oilcloth - a piece of cotton wool larger than the oilcloth. Tightly wrap all three layers on top with a wide bandage, but so as not to disrupt blood circulation. The warming compress is put on for 6-8 hours. After removing it, the skin under the compress should be wiped with alcohol and covered with a dry warm bandage.
For migraine, which is caused by a spasm of the vessels of the brain, renal or hepatic colic, neuritis, pain in the joints, apply a hot compress. Under its influence, the blood rushes to the problem area and this causes an analgesic effect. The fabric is moistened in hot water (55-60 degrees), wrung out and applied to the desired area of the body. The top is closed with oilcloth and a warm cloth. Change every 7-9 minutes.
Local cooling and vasoconstriction are achieved with a cold compress, which reduces the pain effect and blood circulation. This type of compresses is used for local inflammation, nosebleeds, bruises. A piece of cloth is moistened in ice water, squeezed slightly and applied to a sore spot. The compress is changed after 3-4 minutes. The procedure is carried out for 50-60 minutes.