Causes And Symptoms Of Dystrophy

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Causes And Symptoms Of Dystrophy
Causes And Symptoms Of Dystrophy

Video: Causes And Symptoms Of Dystrophy

Video: Duchenne & Becker muscular dystrophy - causes, symptoms, treatment & pathology 2022, December

Dystrophy is a pathological process in which tissues in the body lose the necessary substances or accumulate substances uncharacteristic for the normal state. As a result of this disease, the metabolism and self-regulation of cells are disrupted, which can lead to serious health problems and even death.

Causes and symptoms of dystrophy
Causes and symptoms of dystrophy

Causes of dystrophy

Dystrophy can occur for a variety of reasons. Congenital, for example, is often caused by genetic disorders of fat, protein or carbohydrate metabolism. Sometimes it is caused by the mother's too young or old age.

In the presence of congenital pathology, children often die during the first year of life.

Acquired dystrophy can occur due to stress, infectious diseases, malnutrition, overeating carbohydrate-containing foods or prolonged fasting. The causes can also be chromosomal diseases, weak immunity or negative environmental influences.

Dystrophy symptoms

The symptoms of this pathological process are weakness, fatigue, coupled with poor appetite, weight loss, agitation and poor sleep. In children, growth retardation, mental and psychomotor development is possible. Other symptoms appear depending on the severity of the dystrophy and its form.

With malnutrition, which is expressed in a discrepancy between a person's weight and his height, the main symptom is a decrease in body weight by 10-30%, tissue elasticity and muscle tone. This form of dystrophy is also characterized by pallor, thinning of the subcutaneous tissue, decreased immunity and impaired stool. In some cases, the liver may enlarge. With hypotrophy of the 3rd degree, the eyeballs sink, the heart rhythm and respiration are disturbed, the body temperature and blood pressure decrease. Exhaustion sets in.

With paratrophy, expressed in the accumulation of fat in the subcutaneous tissue, the patient has problems with the intestines, anemia and dysbiosis. The skin becomes very pale, and diaper rash appears in its folds. This form of dystrophy is also characterized by frequent allergic reactions.

There is another form of dystrophy - hypostatura, in which there is the same lack of height and weight. As a rule, it accompanies grade 3 malnutrition. With this form, the patient has functional disorders of the nervous system and metabolic disorders.

Hypostatura is considered the most persistent form of dystrophy; it is more difficult to treat.

Treatment for dystrophy depends on its form and severity. As a rule, with this disease, the doctor prescribes a special diet, prescribes biologically active additives, certain vitamins, stimulants and enzymes. At 2 and 3 degrees of malnutrition, the patient is prescribed a stationary regimen.

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