Hemoglobin is a pigment that turns blood red. It consists of 2 components: globin (simple protein) and a non-specific group, which includes iron. Hemoglobin helps transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and returns carbon dioxide to the lungs. If problems arise in this chain, the level of hemoglobin can rise. Moreover, this happens unnoticed by a person. But the consequence of this process will definitely not be unnoticed.
High hemoglobin is an excessive amount of red blood cells in the blood. Moreover, for each person, this indicator can be individual, depending on age and gender.
An increase in hemoglobin in the blood usually develops with heart and lung failure, which causes a lack of oxygen. Oxygen begins to flow to tissues and organs in sufficient quantities, as a result of which the level of red blood cells rises.
Causes of increased hemoglobin
There are many reasons for the rise in hemoglobin levels. The list includes:
- disruption of the bone marrow;
- dehydration of the body;
- tumors of the kidneys and liver;
- being at a high altitude, etc.
Do not think that you have one of these dangerous diseases if the blood counts show increased hemoglobin. Each of them must also be indicated by other parameters.
As for the symptoms by which you can determine your increased hemoglobin, this condition is usually characterized by:
- weight loss, which happens suddenly and not always for obvious reasons;
- increased body temperature;
- the appearance of red spots on the skin;
Why elevated hemoglobin is dangerous
It is possible to determine whether hemoglobin is elevated or not only by passing a blood test. In this case, it is worth remembering that it is better not to delay, because elevated hemoglobin promotes blood hyperviscosity and interferes with oxygen transport. As a result of this, thrombosis and even gangrene can easily develop, as a result of stagnation of blood in the vessels.
High hemoglobin can lead to heart disease - angina pectoris, heart attack, thrombosis of the vessels of both the brain and extremities.
Also, the liver and kidneys can suffer very seriously from high hemoglobin.
Each of these diseases is quite serious and can significantly complicate a person's life. Moreover, most of them are quite capable of leading to disability and even death.
An increase in hemoglobin in adolescents and the elderly is especially dangerous.
How to treat
First of all, it is necessary to treat increased hemoglobin, eliminating the cause that caused this increase. The regimen and direction of treatment should be prescribed by the observing physician.
In addition, it is necessary to follow a diet that will help normalize the level of hemoglobin in the blood. Alcohol and seafood are prohibited - they need to be reduced in the diet to a minimum.
You also need to limit yourself in sugar, beef liver, meat and broth. Moreover, you will have to sit on such a diet for quite a long time - about six months.
Add more fresh vegetables and fruits to your diet. The rest of the food must be either boiled or stewed.
It is also worth drinking more liquid, which will thin the blood, facilitating the process of transporting oxygen through the vessels. As a drink, you can use tea (black and green), herbal infusions and compotes. Better yet, drink pure water or low-mineral water.