Some complications may arise during the growth of wisdom teeth. So, very often there are severe pains in the jaw during teething or teeth sometimes grow already destroyed, which also brings a lot of unpleasant sensations. To save the patient from problems with wisdom teeth, dentists widely use the procedure for their removal.
Extraction of teeth is performed both on the upper and lower jaw. It should be noted that the procedure is less painful in the upper jaw, because the roots of the teeth from above are less strong. The bone tissue of the lower jaw has a denser structure, which complicates the operation.
Before deciding whether to remove a wisdom tooth, doctors often take x-rays to determine the root structure, the exact location of the tooth that has not yet erupted, and to confirm the diagnosis. You can do without a picture if the dentist has a clear picture of the complication and the upcoming operation.
At the first stage, the doctor determines the presence of allergic reactions in the patient to anesthesia and certain medications. This is necessary to make the removal operation as safe as possible and to prevent complications during the procedure.
Then an injection is given with an anesthetic drug so that the patient experiences minimal pain. Depending on the location of the tooth, the waiting time for the onset of the action of the anesthetic drug varies. If the removal is performed from the upper jaw, the waiting time is on average 3-5 minutes. To start the action of the medicine on the lower jaw, you need to wait 8-10 minutes.
After that, the extraction of the tooth from the gum begins. The procedure itself takes up to 10 minutes. For removal, a small incision is made in the mucous membrane in the area of the tooth, after which the bone tissue is removed. Then, with the help of elevators, the tooth is dislocated from the hole with swaying movements. In especially severe cases, the tooth is divided into several parts and subsequently removed from the gum.
If necessary, the gum is washed with antiseptics, and then a special anti-inflammatory drug is applied to exclude wound infection. The incision is sutured. This completes the extraction of the tooth.
After removal, some painful sensations sometimes occur, which are primarily associated with the end of the anesthesia. There may also be some swelling of the tissues around the tooth and some bleeding, which stops after a while. To avoid any complications, the dentist's instructions for caring for the oral cavity and postoperative food intake should be followed closely after the procedure.