What To Do With A Hornet Bite

What To Do With A Hornet Bite
What To Do With A Hornet Bite

Video: What To Do With A Hornet Bite

Video: Family Health : Treating a Hornet Sting 2022, September

The hornet is one of the largest representatives of the Hymenoptera of the family of wasps. Sometimes their body length reaches 5-6 cm. It is due to their size and the amount of produced poison that these insects are very dangerous.

hornet bite
hornet bite

Hornet venom is not more toxic than wasp venom, but due to its size, the hornet injects much more venom than its smaller relatives. Therefore, both the pain and swelling from a hornet bite are much greater than the swelling after a wasp bite.

On the one hand, hornets are considered less aggressive insects than wasps and bees, they are less likely to attack on their own. But at the same time it is difficult to understand when you will "anger" the hornet, sometimes for this you just need to walk past their hive. And if the hornet felt a threat, it will attack to the last. Hornets do not leave a sting in the victim's body and do not inject all the poison at once, so they can attack several times in a row.

And one more feature of hornets is more dangerous than wasps - their bodies are more mobile, which allows them to sting without sitting on the victim's body. It is not for nothing that a hornet bite is often called a "hornet blow" among the people.

The danger of a hornet bite for health depends primarily on their variety. Common European hornets live in Russia. They are less dangerous than their fellow Asian hornets, which kill about 40 people every year in Japan alone.

Death or strong consequences from a European hornet bite can occur if a person is allergic to insect venom - in this case, you need to drink an antihistamine in the first minutes after the bite and immediately go to the hospital.

The danger may also depend on the location of the bite. If you are bitten in the mouth or throat, you should also consult a doctor for supervision, because sometimes the swelling can spread to the internal organs, blocking the access of oxygen. If the bite falls on the places where large arteries or veins are located, the poison can quickly spread throughout the entire circulatory system, which gives an unpredictable reaction of the body - here it is important to carefully monitor the state of the person.

It is also mandatory to consult a doctor if a hornet stung a small child. The body size of children is much smaller than the size of an adult and the edema may be too large and affect internal organs.

In the overwhelming majority of cases, the hornet bite, although it is very painful, does not pose a danger to life and further health. Symptoms disappear within a few days without sequelae.

Hornet bite symptoms:

- acute pain at the site of the bite, can increase during the first hours and last for several days

- very large swelling and redness around the bite, growing literally within a few minutes

- a feeling of nausea and vomiting is possible in the first hours after the bite

- rapid pulse and low blood pressure

- cold limbs, neck, lips and ears become bluish

- dizziness, loss of consciousness is possible (more often in children or people with weak immunity)

- possible headache and fever

What to do:

1. First of all, you need to inspect the bite site and if there are sting particles in the wound, then remove it with tweezers (in no case squeeze it out). Hornets do not leave their sting, but sometimes a piece of the sting can break off and remain in the victim's body.

2. During the first minutes after the bite, you can squeeze out (or suck out) the poison that has not yet spread far. It makes no sense to do it after 5-10 minutes. You can attach a lump of moistened sugar to the wound - it will draw out some more of the poison.

3. Rinse the wound with alcohol or manganese solution.

4. In order for the poison to spread more slowly, it is worth applying cold to the bite site.

5. Apply to the wound products that contain acid, neutralizing harmful substances (acetylsalicylic acid, lemon juice, onion, cucumber).

6. Drink for prevention any antihistamine that you have on hand.

7.Next, monitor the patient's condition. Seek medical attention in case of severe deterioration.

8. During recovery, provide plenty of drink.

9. In no case should you drink alcohol during the first days - it enhances the spread of poison throughout the body.

Recall that you must go to the hospital with a tendency to allergies and weak immunity; when bitten in the tongue, larynx, neck; when bitten by children; with a significant deterioration in the condition.

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