Some people are familiar with such an unpleasant phenomenon as heartburn from their own experience. It occurs after a certain amount of acidic gastric juice is thrown into the esophagus, irritating its mucous membrane. Because of this, there is a burning sensation, discomfort in the lower part of the chest, a sour taste in the mouth, belching. What Causes Can Lead to Heartburn?
What causes heartburn most often
In most cases, heartburn is caused by food intake that lowers the tone of the lower esophageal sphincter. That is, such food leads to a loose closure of the walls of this valve, which makes it possible for gastric juice to enter the esophagus. These are, first of all, fatty and spicy dishes, smoked meats, pickles, chocolate.
The weakening of the lower esophageal sphincter is also facilitated by the regular use of alcoholic beverages, strong coffee, often heartburn occurs in smokers.
It should be noted that heartburn manifests itself in a purely individual way. There are people who have severe bouts of heartburn even with rare and moderate consumption of such food. And someone regularly eats it in large quantities, while not experiencing any discomfort.
Often, the manifestation of heartburn may not be associated with food and drink intake, but is caused by other factors that lead to strong pressure on the peritoneal organs. For example, physical strain, being overweight, tight clothing, late pregnancy. As a result of this strong pressure on the stomach, sour juice is refluxed into the esophagus.
Heartburn can also occur as a consequence of certain diseases, for example, diabetes mellitus, hernia, a number of diseases of the immune system, gastritis.
Finally, certain medications can be the cause of heartburn. In this case, you should consult with your attending physician, and, if possible, replace these drugs with similar ones.
How can heartburn be cured?
Some people prefer the old-fashioned way to treat heartburn with baking soda. However, this remedy can only be used occasionally, since sodium ions contained in soda lead to a "shift" in the water-salt balance in the body. It is much better to use modern enveloping and antacid preparations that protect the esophageal mucosa from the effects of acidic gastric juice. But a doctor can prescribe them, starting from the characteristics of your body.
Among these drugs, the most popular are "Maalox", "Fosfolugel", "Gastal".
People who have partially or completely removed the stomach need to take weak solutions of hydrochloric acid, which can be purchased at pharmacies, to relieve heartburn. Do not self-medicate, for example, taking a soda solution, as you can aggravate your situation.