Cystitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder that occurs against the background of a bacterial infection. Everyone is susceptible to cystitis, but women are much more likely to suffer from it, which is caused by the peculiarities of the anatomical structure. This is a very common urological disease, which without treatment can turn into chronic forms and lead to changes in the tissue of the bladder, provoke the development of serious diseases.
Causes of cystitis
The development of acute cystitis is caused by bacteria - Escherichia coli and staphylococcus are most often found. They enter the bladder through the urethra as a result of poor hygienic care, during bladder catheterization during medical procedures.
The causes of cystitis can also be a decrease in general immunity, chronic stress, the onset of sexual activity, narrowing of the urethra, hypothermia, stagnation of urine in the bladder (the habit to endure to the last), unbalanced nutrition, hormonal disorders, pregnancy, childbirth, surgery on the organs of the urinary system. Very often, cystitis in women occurs after sex, when a man infects an infection. Sometimes, the infection can descend from the kidneys or enter the bladder through the bloodstream.
The most significant symptom of cystitis is frequent, painful urination in small portions (dysuria). The bladder does not empty in one go. Frequent symptoms in women are urinary incontinence and false urge to urinate. In addition, cystitis is accompanied by pain and a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen. There may be a slight increase in body temperature, aches in the lower back, purulent discharge from the urethra, unpleasant odor of urine, cloudy urine. There is a change in the composition of urine - the content of leukocytes rises, protein and bacteria appear.
Treatment should be directed at eradicating the cause of the disease. For this, a consultation with a urologist is desirable. Most likely, he will ask for some research - a general analysis of urine and blood, take a smear for infections. If you can't visit a doctor soon, you can alleviate the condition yourself. In acute cystitis, first of all, rest and a sparing diet (dairy-vegetable, refusal of fried foods, strong coffee and tea) is necessary. It is important to avoid hypothermia, establish regular bowel movements, and limit sexual intercourse. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids, which will help flush out the products of inflammation from the bladder.
For severe pain, pain relievers, antispasmodics, dry heat are indicated. With timely treatment, the mucous membrane of the bladder is restored within 3-4 days. Doctors treat cystitis with antibiotics. The drug of choice today is "Monural". The drug is very convenient to use - you only need to take one sachet, it is indicated even for pregnant women and children. It is also possible to prescribe immunoprotectors, probiotics, antifungal drugs, herbal courses.