How To Avoid Blood Poisoning When Injured

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How To Avoid Blood Poisoning When Injured
How To Avoid Blood Poisoning When Injured
Video: How To Avoid Blood Poisoning When Injured
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With the beginning of work in the dachas, minor injuries are becoming more frequent. At first glance, they are safe: who didn’t accidentally cut himself with a knife, didn’t prick on the thorns of wild plants. However, even with minor wounds, you should be vigilant, as they pose a latent threat.

How to avoid blood poisoning when injured
How to avoid blood poisoning when injured

Damage to the skin in places in contact with the ground is especially dangerous. Most minor skin lesions can be treated on your own to prevent blood poisoning. If you get more serious wounds, you need to see a doctor right away.

Injuries and wounds requiring medical examination

Wounds to the abdomen and chest, reaching to the muscles and deeper, including with objects sticking out of the wounds. The edges of the wound are washed with cold water. In case of severe bleeding, the wound is washed abundantly with a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution, covered with a bandage folded into a napkin. The bandage is secured with a pressure bandage or plaster. Small objects trapped in the wound are removed, suspicious ones are left for examination by a doctor.

Wild and domestic animal bites.

Severe injuries to the body are dangerous if accompanied by sharp pain and increasing heat at the site of the impact, lasting more than a minute after the incident.

Insect bites with rapid swelling, speech or breathing problems.

Treatment of small wounds at home

Blood is stopped 15 to 30 seconds after injury. Blood is a good antiseptic, and its flow removes most of the contamination from the wound. With severe bleeding above and below the wound, a tourniquet is applied. You can use belts, laces, twisted handkerchiefs, flexible rods. It is difficult to distinguish venous blood from arterial blood without medical preparation in the air and in bright sun, therefore, two tourniquets are desirable. If only the hand or foot is damaged, one is enough. A tourniquet is applied over the joint, a roller is placed under the knot. Only then do they start treating the wound. It is rinsed abundantly with a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution, it stops the blood and disinfects the wound.

A good antiseptic is a furacilin solution, but it does not stop the blood. It is convenient to use for deep wounds without bleeding, for example, heels. The edges of the wound are cauterized with iodine solution or brilliant green. Then the wound is lubricated with any antiseptic ointment and closed with a bandage or plaster. Instead of an ointment, you can use St. John's wort juice or plantain leaves. If in the next 2 days the bandage comes into contact with water or earth, it is additionally protected. While walking, they put on a sock on the wounded leg, cover it with plastic wrap and fix it with a plaster or another sock. You can use this protection for up to an hour. Rubber finger rests last even less, about 20 minutes. If you use them for longer, the skin heats up and sweat rushes into the wound, carrying microbes living on the skin.

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