Among all diseases characteristic only of women, 40% out of 100 are diagnosed with a breast cyst. Moreover, her symptoms are often ignored, and the patient falls under medical supervision when the problem is sufficiently advanced.
Medical statistics show that at the moment breast centers and clinics are overloaded. Diseases of the mammary glands are diagnosed frighteningly often, and a positive moment in this trend can only be considered that women began to pay more attention to their health, to seek help from specialists in the early stages of the development of the disease. A huge role in this is played by the emancipation of contemporaries, the absence of prejudices in front of male doctors. Having found a seal in the chest, the woman goes to the appointment, not ashamed to talk about her problems. Diagnosing a breast cyst at an early stage allows you to stop its growth and prevent the development of oncology.
External manifestations and symptoms of breast cysts
A breast cyst is one or more capsules in the body of the breast filled with liquid contents. The disease can develop at any age, against the background of the expansion of one or more ducts. Every woman must understand that a neoplasm cannot dissolve, either independently or under the influence of external agents or folk methods. Only a mammologist can prescribe an adequate treatment for a breast cyst.
A cyst can develop asymptomatically for a long time and not manifest itself in any way outwardly. It can be detected at an early stage only with the help of special medical equipment, which is why every woman is recommended to periodically visit the mammologist's office. As the neoplasm grows, symptoms appear:
Soreness and burning sensation in the chest, An increase in the size of the glands, Discharge from the nipple green, yellow, brown, Deformation of the gland and swelling, Redness, cyanosis of the skin, With the development of inflammation - an increase in temperature, · Swollen lymph nodes in the armpit.
In the early stages of breast cyst development, when the cavities are still small, breast tenderness appears before menstruation. When the neoplasm reaches a certain size, the pulling pain accompanies the woman constantly, and then turns into a burning sensation.
Causes of the formation of a breast cyst
Many factors can provoke the formation of a cyst in the breast duct. The main reason is hormonal disruption in the body, which can be caused by anything. Medical professionals include in the list of reasons:
Excessive production of estrogen by the ovaries, Constant stress and depression, Sexual dissatisfaction, Improper nutrition and diet, · metabolic disease, Excess weight, fat deposits in the chest area, Diseases of the reproductive system, Genetic background, Uncontrolled intake of oral contraceptives, · Cervical osteochondrosis.
This is not the whole list of factors that can provoke the formation and further growth of a cyst in the chest. Often they are endocrine problems, diabetes mellitus, thyroid diseases, bad habits - alcoholism and tobacco smoking, passive lifestyle, pregnancy and prolonged breastfeeding.
A woman cannot exclude absolutely all risk factors, predict and prevent a breast cyst. Her task is to respect her health and life, to regularly visit, at least once a year, a gynecologist, therapist and mammologist, if recommended. You can undergo mammological examination on your own initiative, and free of charge.Modern medicine gives this right to everyone.
Types of breast cysts and diagnostic methods
In modern medicine, a six-step principle of classification of a breast cyst is used - according to the principle of development, the type of provocateur and the type of fluid contents of the cavity (dilated duct):
Atypical, Fibrous, Solitary, Duct, · Multi-chamber.
This is a benign formation, in the form of an oval or round fibrous capsule. It is characterized by growths directed inside the cavity, and the appearance of calcifications - salt deposits. At a certain stage of development, an atypical cyst necessarily becomes inflamed.
Fibrous cyst of the breast
This type is characterized by the formation of aciniform seals in the mammary gland, which are easily palpated on palpation. A woman complains that before menstruation, it is almost impossible to touch the breast, any movement causes pain.
This is an elastic, round, benign type of neoplasm in the body of the mammary gland, which over time becomes dense and clearly pronounced. Chest pains appear in the last days of menstruation in the form of burning or itching, can be given to the scapula.
Ductal cyst of the mammary gland
These are small growths in the ducts of the chest that usually appear after 45 years of age. They do not pose a serious danger, they do not cause discomfort if the woman is prescribed adequate medication support during menopause.
Multi-chambered cystic formation in the chest
This is a fusion of several cysts. It forms and develops against the background of bad habits, neglect of one's health or nervous breakdowns, prolonged use of certain medications. Such a cyst can provoke oncology.
The main reason for its formation is the filling of the ducts with fatty or greasy contents. Such a cyst is easily and often inflamed, causes anxiety and comfort, lowers the quality of life, provoking stress and depression, and panic.
Breast cyst treatment
A woman who finds a lump in her breast should understand that she needs medical advice and detailed diagnosis using modern techniques. Traditional medicine is in most cases useless and sometimes dangerous. Only a mammologist can determine the type of cyst and prescribe adequate treatment that will benefit, after a detailed study of the neoplasm, the general condition of the patient and her biological materials.
Treatment of a breast cyst, regardless of its type, should be comprehensive. Traditional methods can only be auxiliary, and they can be used after the approval of the attending physician. The course usually includes:
Enzyme preparations, Vitamins and minerals, Sedatives, Preparations with a high iodine content, Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs, Antibacterial medicines if the contents of the cyst are purulent.
In difficult cases, surgical treatment of breast cysts is prescribed, but only after conservative therapy has not yielded the desired results.
Prevention of cyst formation in the chest
The most important preventive measure is a healthy lifestyle. After 25 years or childbirth, a woman should make it a rule to have regular check-ups with a mammologist and gynecologist. Their frequency should not exceed 1 year. In addition, the prevention of cyst formation in the mammary glands includes the following measures:
Regular self-palpation of both left and right breasts, Timely implementation of the reproductive function, Breastfeeding for no longer than six months,
Psychological balance, absence of stress, Do not overcool and do not abuse sunbathing, Proper and regular nutrition, Timely treatment of inflammatory processes, Prevention of chest trauma, · Wearing comfortable underwear, by size.
Compliance with these simple rules will significantly reduce the risk of cysts in the ducts of the mammary glands and the development of oncology against them, which entails surgical removal of the breast, emotional instability, uncertainty and nervous breakdowns.
A woman should not withdraw into herself, finding a lump in her chest, hide the problem and her anxiety from loved ones. It is important to diagnose the disease on time, start treatment and prevent more serious consequences. Modern medicine is able to determine the type of disease as accurately as possible, eliminate the causes that provoke it, and effectively, effectively treat. All a woman has to do is make an appointment and come to an appointment with a specialist.