What Are Polyps In The Gallbladder: Is It Dangerous

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What Are Polyps In The Gallbladder: Is It Dangerous
What Are Polyps In The Gallbladder: Is It Dangerous

Video: What Are Polyps In The Gallbladder: Is It Dangerous

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Video: Gallbladder Polyp, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment. 2023, February
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Diseases of the digestive system are quite common these days. With digestive problems, people often have no idea about their true cause. Quite often, indigestion (about 6%) is promoted by the formation of polyps in the biliary tract. Many patients with this ailment do not know whether it is dangerous.

What are polyps in the gallbladder: is it dangerous
What are polyps in the gallbladder: is it dangerous

Varieties of polyps

What polyps are, and how they affect the functional activity of the gastrointestinal tract - many would be interested to know. The resulting small polyps do not affect the human digestive system as long as they do not obstruct the passage of bile. In this case, problems arise with the processing of fats. Symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, bloating, and constipation occur.

Polyps are of different types, developing in the presence of an inflammatory process in the biliary tract:

- cholesterol type (cholesterol deposits on the mucous membrane of the organ);

- adematous appearance (the presence of a benign formation in the glandular layer);

- papillomas (benign formation in the form of a papillary process).

Why is a pedicle polyp dangerous?

People with this kind of polyps are at risk of developing a complete or partial blockage of the bile duct. This causes certain difficulties with digestion. In this case, symptoms such as:

- vomit;

- nausea:

- stool problems;

- bloating of the intestines.

At the same time, the process of malignancy develops - the modification of healthy tissues of the gallbladder into a malignant form (20% of the total pathology of the gallbladder).

Is it necessary to remove polyps?

Surgery is prescribed depending on the size and nature of the growth of polyps. If the detected process is small, then in this case the diet changes, and a regular examination is recommended every 6 months.

As soon as the fact of the growth of a polyp from 1 cm or more in diameter or with a large number of polyps is established, surgical intervention is prescribed. In these cases, the degeneration of healthy tissues into a malignant form is possible.

What are the complications of having polyps?

The resulting polyps can lead to pathological conditions such as:

1. Development of cancer in the gallbladder, which is considered incurable. The greatest likelihood of developing this pathology is in patients with an adematous type of polyps. Malignancy is possible with large formations. The main symptoms include constant nausea, frequent vomiting, pain in the gallbladder. Jaundice and fever may join.

2. The presence of infringement of the neoplasm, its legs. Here, acute pain develops in the area of ​​the right hypochondrium, resembling hepatic colic. At the same time, the skin turns pale, becomes moist.

3. The appearance of complete obstruction. This closes the cervical lumen of the biliary organ with a large polyp or several small formations. As a result, fluid accumulates in the organ. Fats are not digested in the intestines, since the necessary enzymes are not secreted. The person is feeling unwell, there is nausea, there may be vomiting. There is a sharp weight loss, jaundice (the presence of bile in the blood), itching of the skin, dark urine. Surgery is needed here.

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