Emergency contraception is a way to prevent unwanted pregnancies after having unprotected intercourse. There are two ways to carry out this procedure - take special medications or use the method of intrauterine contraception.
Indications and contraindications for emergency contraception
Unprotected intercourse can occur for a variety of reasons. The most common of these is condom breakage. However, in some cases, emergency contraception becomes a way out of more tragic events, such as rape. The essence of this method of preventing unwanted pregnancy is to take certain medications as soon as possible after intercourse.
Abuse of emergency contraceptive methods can lead to infertility. That is why it is better to take care of the measures of your protection in advance.
Doctors do not recommend the use of emergency contraceptive drugs in the presence of liver and kidney disease, previous uterine bleeding and frequent migraines. If you abuse smoking for an impressive period, this method of preventing unwanted pregnancy may also be contraindicated for you.
Types of emergency contraception
Please note that emergency contraception can be done both at home and under the supervision of a specialist. The first type of pregnancy prevention includes anti-gestagenic, progestogenic and progestogenic drugs. A separate type of emergency contraception includes combination drugs, which must be taken in increased dosages.
After taking emergency contraceptive drugs, women often experience menstrual irregularities, bouts of nausea and vomiting. If these symptoms become regular, then you should immediately consult a doctor.
"Postinor", "Mifegin" and "Escapel" are the most common means related to the hormonal method of contraception. These drugs can be purchased at pharmacies, but be sure to carefully read the instructions before using them. The effectiveness of these funds directly depends on the speed of their intake. The sooner this happens after intercourse, the more likely it is that pregnancy will not occur.
Please note that intrauterine contraception is several times more effective than the method of taking pills. Such a procedure is carried out, as a rule, in specialized clinics. Before using it, it is necessary to undergo an examination, and in some cases pass tests to identify contraindications.
The method of intrauterine contraception consists of inserting a device called a spiral. To prevent unwanted pregnancy, this technique is best used only in the first 5-6 days after intercourse. In addition, the spiral prevents the eggs from being fertilized in the future. Its installation, as a rule, is accompanied by the introduction or taking of concomitant medications or antibiotics.
Experts do not recommend carrying out emergency contraception procedures for young girls who do not have children and women after 35 years. Long-term absence of pregnancy can be one of the side effects.