Women's beauty, youth, reproduction depend largely on the regularity of the menstrual cycle. However, the modern rhythm of life and poor ecology, multiplied by stress, often become the causes of menstrual irregularities.
The stability and duration of the menstrual cycle is one of the main criteria by which one can suspect that a woman has any deviation from the norm in the work of the gonads or their disease.
Normally, every woman should have regular periods.
Menstruation is externally manifested by the appearance of bloody secretions from the genital tract, processes occurring in the hormonal status of a woman. Usually the duration of the menstrual cycle is 21-35 days, the duration is from 3 to 7 days. If the course of menstruation differs from these indicators or is accompanied by uncharacteristic symptoms or pain, especially regular and sharp, this is a serious reason to consult a doctor, and this indicates a violation of the menstrual cycle.
Disruptions during menstruation can indicate both the presence of a disease and psycho-emotional stress in a woman, manifested in this way. The psychological cause of menstrual irregularities can be moving to another area, changing jobs, divorce, etc., that is, significant changes in life that cause strong experiences.
Also, the cause of menstrual irregularities can be a disease associated with the genitals, both inflammatory in nature and not. These are diseases such as endometriosis, oncology of the uterus or appendages. Ectopic pregnancies and hormonal disorders will also cause disruptions in the menstrual cycle.
Changes in nutritional status, obesity or sudden weight loss usually shorten the duration of menstruation, cause pain, characteristic heaviness in the lower abdomen.
The presence of a disease not of the gonads, but of others, for example, the thyroid or hypothalamus, as well as the development of pathologies of other organs or severe infectious diseases, can also shift the menstrual cycle.
Radiation can also have an adverse effect on the cycle, as well as uncontrolled intake of drugs, especially hormones or drugs that cause weight loss. Occupational “harmfulness” can also adversely affect menstrual function.
In any case, if the menstrual function is disturbed, it is necessary to consult a doctor for advice. During the diagnostic procedures, the cause of the violation will be established and adequate treatment prescribed. Self-treatment of menstrual irregularities is not recommended, since the cause can be very serious, as described above.