Constant stressful situations and great psychological stress will certainly lead a person to a nervous shock, and then the body turns on its defense function in the form of a nervous breakdown. This is a condition in which a person loses self-control, and his actions and emotions become unpredictable.
Women are more prone to nervous breakdowns, since they are more emotional by nature. The most dangerous age is from 30 to 40 years. The most common causes of this condition are failures in close relationships, divorce, problems at work, and long periods of conflict. Nowadays, financial problems, for example, the loss of a job, business, or a situation when there is no way to pay off debts, are often the reasons for disruption. The symptoms of a nervous breakdown always depend on the characteristics of the person's character.
If a person is closed, he will keep the experience in himself, not giving others the opportunity to provide support and help.
The factors provoking the onset of a nervous breakdown are chronic lack of sleep and overwork, unhealthy diet, lack of vitamins, alcohol and psychotonic drinks. The main manifestations of this state are sudden changes in mood, in some people it is possible to develop a breakdown in a hysterical type, when the disorder is accompanied by strong emotional manifestations - sobs and screams, in others - in a depressive manner. In the latter case, a person becomes indifferent to the environment, depressed, he is not happy with anything, is not interested in previously favorite activities, he often begins to move away from his family and his loved ones, and any request for help can lead to aggression.
Patients have a reduced resistance to infections, they often begin to hurt, attention and memory decrease, and hair loss may begin.
A nervous breakdown can be accompanied by somatic symptoms such as high blood pressure, chest pain, headaches, sweating, and heart palpitations. Also characteristic are insomnia, weight change upward or downward, and digestive problems. People in this state are irritable, touchy, anxious and suspicious, they are visited by hypochondriacal thoughts. Almost everyone is characterized by a hostile attitude towards people around and anger.
A nervous breakdown is a short-term condition in which a person is always critical of what has happened, often later experiencing a feeling of guilt and shame. This is the main difference between a neurological disorder and a mental illness, which requires the help of a psychiatrist. Experts believe that a nervous breakdown is a protective reaction for the human nervous system. It helps to relieve stress accumulated over many months, and sometimes years. Consequently, in this way the nervous system is freed from negativity, and a person receives a signal that something needs to be changed in his life and attitude towards the environment.
Frequent nervous breakdowns are quite dangerous for the body and can lead to the development of various negative consequences. First of all, physical health deteriorates - peptic ulcer and other internal diseases may develop. Often the result of breakdowns is depression, various phobias, alcoholism, drug addiction and addiction to card games. In more severe cases, patients become asocial, suicide attempts are possible.
For the treatment of nervous breakdowns, especially repeated ones, it is better to consult a good psychologist. He will help to understand the problems and the reason for the occurrence of such a condition, if necessary, drug treatment will be prescribed to relieve somatic symptoms.We must not forget about prevention, learn to relax and rest, because it is easier to prevent a nervous disorder than to cure.