Many people experience pain and discomfort while coping with their natural needs. Depending on the stage of the disease and its clinical manifestations, different principles and approaches to treatment are required.
Hemorrhoids are chronic diseases caused by the enlargement of the hemorrhoidal veins and accompanied by the development of thrombosis or inflammation.
Hemorrhoids are characterized by: frequent itching in the perianal region, pain during and after the act of defecation, constipation, bleeding. Frequent bleeding from hemorrhoids can lead to anemia.
Principles of Hemorrhoid Treatment
· Drug therapy (herbal medicine, drugs against hemorrhoids);
· Microinvasive treatment (sclerotherapy, coagulation);
· Surgical treatment (hemorrhoidal deartelization, hemorrhoidectomy).
A qualified doctor should diagnose the disease, identify its stage, and also recommend how to cure hemorrhoids at home. Only the initial stages of pathology are subject to conservative treatment at home.
Basically, the treatment of hemorrhoids at home is based on the local application of rectal suppositories (suppositories), ointments or gels. A systematic approach is carried out by taking decoctions and infusions of medicinal herbs.
The main types of candles
· Posterisan - suppositories that can locally increase local immunity directly in the rectum.
· Suppositories with ichthyol, sea buckthorn or propolis have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and wound-healing effects.
· Suppositories, the active ingredient of which are medicinal plants: chamomile, calendula, belladonna.
Any suppositories are recommended to be used twice a day.
The main types of ointments for hemorrhoids
Recommendations on how to treat hemorrhoids at home with ointments:
· Almost any hemorrhoid ointment should be applied directly to the enlarged nodes with a cotton-gauze ball. It is not recommended to apply the ointment with your hands to avoid infection and damage to the thinned vein walls.
· Ointments are applied several times a day (2-3) to speed up the healing process, reduce itching and pain. The minimum course of treatment is 7-10 days of continuous use.
· Depending on the prevailing symptoms of the disease, ointments that are different in action and composition are prescribed.
Troxevasin is an ointment that increases the density and elasticity of the vein walls. It is used in the initial stages of the disease and with hemorrhoidal bleeding.
Heparin ointment is intended to reduce inflammatory changes and reduce the risk of bleeding from enlarged nodes.
Proctosan reduces itching and also has a pronounced analgesic effect.
Posterisan is the most versatile ointment. Allowed for pregnant women and during lactation. The active ingredients of the ointment are able to activate reduced immunity. Accelerates the healing of cracks, has an analgesic effect.
Relief is characterized by anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and wound healing effects. The composition of the ointment includes a vasoconstrictor adrenergic agonist, phenylephedrine, which prevents bleeding.
Ichthyol ointment is more commonly used due to its antiseptic properties.
Levomekol is an easily available ointment against hemorrhoids, which has a number of useful qualities: antibacterial protection, reduction of inflammation and signs of local hypertension, acceleration of tissue regeneration processes.
The action of Proctosedil ointment is based on the use of hydrocortisone. Due to the hormonal composition, inflammatory changes in the perianal region quickly decrease, itching and swelling are significantly reduced.
Herbal medicine in the treatment of hemorrhoids
Many patients are interested in how to treat hemorrhoids at home with herbs and which plants are suitable for this.The most useful are herbs that have antimicrobial and hemostatic effects, and they also relieve signs of inflammation. These include: calendula, chamomile, nettle, dandelion, sage, yarrow, St. John's wort and others. Decoctions and infusions are prepared from herbs, and also used while taking sitz baths for hemorrhoids.