Fetal ultrasound examination during pregnancy has become popular relatively recently. Despite the many studies that prove the harmlessness of this method, doctors prefer not to send pregnant women for ultrasound unnecessarily.
Recommended number of ultrasound examinations during pregnancy
Ultrasound examination allows the doctor to get the most complete picture of how well the patient's pregnancy is proceeding. This type of diagnosis has become widely known relatively recently, after which it immediately became incredibly popular. The ultrasound method has not only supporters, but also opponents, who argue that radiation can have a very negative effect on the patient's health.
To date, many studies have been carried out, as a result of which scientists have been able to prove that ultrasound used for diagnostics is practically harmless. Nevertheless, experts believe that it is not necessary to do an ultrasound without a special need, especially when it comes to examining a pregnant woman.
In accordance with the official documentation and orders of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, ultrasound should be done exactly 3 times throughout the pregnancy. If necessary, the doctor can increase the number of examinations, but without the need to undergo an ultrasound examination, it is still not recommended.
If a woman really wants to undergo an ultrasound scan, and it often happens when the gender of the baby was not determined on a routine examination, then she can do it on a paid basis. Nothing terrible will happen in this case if it becomes just an exception to the rule. But it is important to understand that this should not be done without a special need.
Dates of ultrasound
Doctors perform scheduled ultrasound examinations of pregnant women once a trimester. The first ultrasound scan takes place at 10-12 weeks of gestation, the second study - at 16-20 weeks of pregnancy, the third - at 30-34 weeks. This means that the woman must be diagnosed at the specified time intervals. Only a doctor can more accurately recommend the time for an ultrasound scan.
If there is any suspicion of an ectopic pregnancy or other pathology, the gynecologist sends the woman for an ultrasound scan, regardless of the generally accepted schedule for the study.
As a rule, additional ultrasounds are prescribed at the very beginning of pregnancy and at the end of it. An ultrasound examination, carried out immediately before childbirth, is necessary so that the doctor can finally decide whether a natural delivery is possible in this case, or the patient needs to have a cesarean section. If during the entire period of pregnancy such questions did not arise, then this test is not necessary.