The fear of a lightning strike is justified, because in a large percentage of cases of such exposure, a person dies. But there are also happy times when people manage to survive with a strong lightning strike. Today, the explanation for this is the individual increased body resistance.
According to TSB, lightning is the name of the strongest electrical charges traveling along a trajectory from object number one (thundercloud) to object number two, which is usually an object with an opposite electrical charge. Moving along a trajectory of less resistance, lightning usually strikes objects that protrude above the earth's surface.
Consequences of a lightning strike
Lightning strikes to a person are emergencies. Experts have registered a large number of deaths as a result of this natural disaster. The consequences of such a shock for a person are several times higher than the effect on the body of an ordinary electric shock. Still, there are a lot of survivors. The current discharge has a tremendous temperature (about 30,000 ° C), but its effect is instantaneous.
At the moment of being struck by a lightning current, you can observe the same results as when receiving a charge from an electric current. Instant loss of consciousness occurs, breathing and heartbeat may stop. Convulsions and release of vomit are possible.
Usually, such a powerful charge of electric current as a lightning strike is fatal to a person.
The fact that some remain alive after being struck by lightning can be explained by the increased individual resistance of the body to the effects of current.
Lightning protection methods
Finding shelter. The best shelter would be a car or building with a lightning rod. If these objects are not nearby, then it is worth observing several rules: a) hide in a place where there is no threat of flooding; b) when in the forest, you need to choose the lowest tree.
Avoiding dangerous locations. Remember - open surfaces are becoming a major source of danger. Also, you should not make a halt near water bodies and any metal structures.
One of the most reliable lightning protection devices is a lightning rod.
A lightning strike is a huge test for any living organism, and in most cases it leads to death, but the percentage of survivors is quite high. At the moment lightning strikes the human body, a strong but short-term current charge is created. If, in the process of passing through the human body, the electric current does not touch the vital organs (lungs, heart, spinal cord and brain), then the chance of survival is quite high.