The ability to provide qualified assistance before an ambulance arrives can save a person's life. And if, with a fracture or a heart attack, you can start resuscitation immediately, with an electrical injury, first of all, you need to make sure that the current supply is stopped.
Classification of electrical injuries
Electric shock depends on the strength of the current, the time of exposure and the level of skin resistance. At the first degree, the victim is beaten by muscle cramps, consciousness is preserved. The injured person is scared, tired and overwhelmed. All manifestations quickly pass and any resuscitation actions other than ensuring peace are not required.
In the second degree, in addition to the symptoms described above, the person loses consciousness. With the third, incessant convulsions and some violations of cardiac and respiratory activity are added to everything. With the most severe fourth degree of electric shock, a person experiences clinical death. As a rule, this happens when struck by lightning or high-voltage current from 100mA.
Before giving first aid, you must:
1. Approach with very small steps, without taking your feet off the ground;
2. Do not touch the victim with exposed parts of the body, in particular, wrap hands with a dry cloth or other insulating material;
3. Contact only with his clothing until you are sure that the current is terminated;
4. Remove the current source. This can be done by throwing back the bare wire with a dry stick or by pulling out the plug from the socket. Or you need to drag the victim to a safe place.
Actions in the provision of assistance
1. Lay the victim on a flat surface, unfasten the upper buttons so that there are no obstacles to breathing;
2. Place a rolled-up cloth under your neck to avoid tongue sinking;
3. Give a smell of ammonia;
4. If the person is conscious, give heart drops (nitroglycerin, validol), an anesthetic and sedative (tincture of valerian or motherwort), drink plenty of fluids;
5. If breathing is impaired, apply an oxygen cushion; if there is no breathing at all, apply artificial ventilation;
6. If cardiac arrest occurs, perform chest compressions. Alternate with artificial lung ventilation.
7. If a second and higher degree of electric shock is observed, the victim must be under the supervision of specialists for at least the first twenty-four hours due to the likelihood of a sharp deterioration in the patient's condition as a result of a disturbed blood supply to the heart. Therefore, if a person has lost consciousness, it is necessary to insist on his hospitalization of the person, even if he feels well.