Painful involuntary muscle contractions are called seizures. The most common cramps are in the legs, or rather in the calf muscle, located on the back of the lower leg.
- - the doctor's consultation;
- - balanced diet;
- - massage.
There are many reasons for leg cramps. These include: imbalance of vitamins and trace elements in the body, magnesium deficiency, thyroid disease, vitamin B deficiency, chronic renal failure, hypoglycemia (low blood glucose).
Leg cramps appear with prolonged, excessive physical exertion, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, chronic circulatory disorders in the vessels, diseases of the cardiovascular system, which are accompanied by symptoms of heart failure and blood flow disturbances in the parts of the body farthest from the myocardium.
If a cramp occurs, sit down, pull the toe of your leg slightly towards you, then loosen the muscle and pull it as much as possible. If the muscle spasm persists, stand up and walk a little to speed up blood flow to the limb. Massage lightly in the area of spontaneous muscle contraction, movements should be directed from the periphery to the center. Use a warming ointment for massage.
Pinch the spasmodic muscle or lightly prick it with a needle. Once the cramp is gone, lie down with your legs raised. In this position, the outflow of blood from the lower extremities will improve, and the likelihood of developing recurrent muscle spasms will decrease. With prolonged regular seizures, it is necessary to consult a general practitioner, and, if necessary, to a neurologist, endocrinologist, cardiologist, nephrologist.
If cramps appear due to somatic pathology, with adequate treatment, the problem of muscle contractions will be resolved quite quickly. If the results of the examination do not reveal any serious diseases, follow the doctor's recommendations for nutrition and physical activity.
With muscle cramps, complex carbohydrates should be consumed (pasta from durum wheat, cereals, fruits, vegetables). Red fish and butter are useful. You should include in the diet foods rich in magnesium (legumes, nuts, greens, carrots, seaweed), calcium (milk and dairy products), potassium (bananas, melons, dried apricots, potatoes), B vitamins (walnuts, dairy products, red fish).
It is necessary to exclude a large load on the legs, quit smoking. You should sleep in a comfortable bed in a position with your legs raised above the axis of the torso and head. Relaxing foot baths with sea salt and foot massage with warming ointment are helpful. You should refuse to wear shoes with high heels, uncomfortable shoes.