Reactive meningitis is an infectious disease that affects parts of the brain and spinal cord. People of all ages are susceptible to this infection. But statistics say that newborns born prematurely, people with lesions of the nervous system and head injuries, are much more likely to suffer from this disease.
A feature of meningitis is the surprise and spontaneity of the onset. This is one of the most dangerous forms of infection, fleeting and difficult. People with such a diagnosis should be given immediate medical attention, since a huge number of purulent foci develops very quickly in the brain, which can lead to a coma, or even death.
The causative agent of the disease is meningococcal bacillus, transmitted from a sick person by airborne droplets. Sources of infection can be located in crowded places: a clinic, shopping centers, public transport. Also, the cause of the disease can be enterovirus infection, measles, rubella and mumps.
Reactive meningitis can lead to an epidemic among young children attending childcare. Also at risk are people suffering from sinusitis, lung abscess and boils.
If treatment is started within the first twenty-four hours of illness, the effects of reactive meningitis can be somewhat mitigated. It is important to make a timely diagnosis based on the analysis of the lumbar puncture.
Reactive meningitis symptoms
In the initial period of the disease, it is very often confused with respiratory viral diseases, but the differences are that meningitis is very transient. A sick person has the following symptoms of the disease:
- body temperature reaching forty degrees;
- a febrile condition that is long lasting (over several days);
- periodic bouts of vomiting;
- non-elastic occipital muscles;
- sore throat, having a sharp character;
- violation of the activity of the facial and eye muscles, hearing instability;
- partial paralysis may occur.
Meningitis should be treated promptly in a specialized facility. A sick person is prescribed medications and supportive and antibiotic therapy.
Since it is not always possible to accurately determine the causative agent of the disease, antibiotic therapy is chosen on an empirical level. In order to eliminate the pathogen and prevent its spread, antibiotics are prescribed. The course of treatment depends entirely on the state of the human body and the characteristics of the disease.
The death rate from this disease is about ten percent of the total number of cases. If the diagnosis of reactive meningitis is delayed, the mortality rate increases. As a rule, this occurs when children and frail elderly people are ill.