Colic is a sudden cramping pain caused by muscle spasm of certain organs. One of the most common is considered to be intestinal colic, which has pronounced symptoms. There are quite effective methods of treating intestinal colic in adults, therefore, to get rid of discomfort, you should consult a doctor in a timely manner.
Intestinal colic symptoms
Intestinal colic is characterized by sharp and cramping pains in the abdomen, which are accompanied by swelling and excessive gas formation. The abdomen is hard to the touch, the muscles are tense. It also feels very heavy. Pain with intestinal colic can be given to the back and upper parts of the body, which can lead to bouts of nausea and vomiting. Against the background of pain, the patient has increased sweating, dry mouth and a feverish state, often accompanied by chills.
A clear sign of intestinal colic may be false urge to defecate (tenesmus). The patient experiences a strong or insignificant need to empty the intestines, but when visiting the toilet, defecation does not occur, or there is a meager discharge of feces. In general, intestinal colic is characterized by upset and instability of the stool. The patient may experience both constipation and diarrhea, accompanied by high flatulence.
Similar symptoms occur due to the accumulation of gases in the intestines, microflora disturbances, the use of spoiled food, or a sharp change in diet. Usually, you can get rid of intestinal colic on your own at home, but with severe and persistent pain, you need to consult a doctor to exclude diagnoses such as paraproctitis, colitis, proctosigmoiditis or peritonitis.
Intestinal colic treatment
The first thing to do with an ailment is to relieve pain. Antispasmodic drugs will help with this: No-shpa, Papaverine and others. For acute and severe pain, antispasmodics are supplemented with anticholinergic drugs. It is also necessary to eliminate stool disorders as soon as possible. Astringents (tanalbin, oak bark, white clay and others) help with diarrhea, and constipation can be eliminated with a cleansing enema.
For normal and stable bowel function, the normalization of microflora is required, which dies due to frequent diarrhea or constipation. Also, bacteria are washed out during cleaning procedures. To eliminate the imbalance, special probiotic preparations, enzymes and enterosorbents will help. The latter also includes activated carbon, which is available in the home medicine cabinet of almost every family.
After eliminating pain in the intestines, it is necessary to normalize nutrition and maintain a special diet with minimal stress on the intestines. It is recommended to eat soft food, boiled or steamed. You should eat in small portions, 4-5 times a day, so that the body absorbs food faster and more efficiently. Finally, the diet must include fresh fruits and vegetables that are rich in beneficial vitamins and minerals.