One of the most common eye diseases is conjunctivitis. A common cause of its occurrence is a virus that infects the mucous membrane of the eye. The patient is worried about transparent discharge, a foreign body sensation and itching, therefore, to relieve the condition and prevent the spread of infection to a healthy eye, it is necessary to start treatment at the first signs of the disease.
Viral conjunctivitis can be caused by various pathogens: enterovirus, adenovirus, herpes virus, as well as viruses of various infectious diseases (smallpox, measles, etc.). In this regard, the treatment of different types of viral conjunctivitis will differ.
Herpetic conjunctivitis is easily recognized by the characteristic blisters around the eyes and along the edges of the eyelids. This type of disease is treated with acyclovir. The drug can be used both locally and internally. The combination of these methods gives the best results.
If conjunctivitis is caused by an adenovirus, there is a high risk that someone close to you will be infected with it. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and contact, therefore, outbreaks of this type of disease are often found in children's educational institutions. Adenoviral conjunctivitis often occurs with an increase in body temperature and an increase in the submandibular lymph nodes. For the treatment of this eye disease, drugs based on interferon (for example, "Oftalmoferon"), "Poludan", Florenal and Terbofenovaya ointment are used. Local funds are placed behind the lower eyelid several times a day.
The fight against viral conjunctivitis often takes up to three weeks. In order to speed up recovery, it is important to observe hygiene requirements: wash your hands more often and try not to touch your eyes and face; instead of reusable handkerchiefs, it is better to use disposable; use sterile cotton wool when rinsing eyes. Visiting pools and open water bodies is prohibited until complete recovery.
To maintain the body, doctors often prescribe vitamin preparations, they boost immunity and speed up recovery.
To alleviate the condition with any type of viral conjunctivitis, you can make warm compresses on the eyes and instill drops of artificial tears. Rinsing the eyes with chamomile broth or a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate helps prevent bacterial infection. It is important to clean each eye with a separate, sterile piece of cotton wool, otherwise the infection will spread in a matter of days.