There are many causes of diabetes mellitus. These include: heredity, stress, increased body weight, unhealthy diet with a predominance of fats and simple carbohydrates in the diet, decreased immunity.
Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine pathology caused by external or internal factors and accompanied by chronic dysfunction of the pancreas. The consequence of this is a failure of metabolic processes, leading to an increase in blood glucose levels and damage to internal organs and systems.
There are several main reasons leading to the onset and development of diabetes mellitus in both young and elderly people.
Diabetes - an autoimmune pathology
Immunological failure leads to the development of diabetes mellitus. This can happen in the body of any person with a hereditary predisposition, with the penetration of a viral infection - chickenpox, rubella, hepatitis, mumps. In this case, the immune system produces antibodies, and damage to the cells of the pancreas occurs. Type 1 diabetes can be caused by exposure to pesticides and certain other chemicals.
Diabetes is caused by obesity
Adipose tissue is practically insensitive to insulin. Excessive amounts of it lead to a sharp rise in blood sugar. Scientific studies have shown that 50% of the normal weight is overweight, the likelihood of developing diabetes increases by 70%. If overweight is 20% of the norm, the risk of developing the disease approaches 30%. In people with type 2 diabetes, you can reduce or eliminate the disruption in glucose metabolism by using safe weight loss methods.
Stress and nervous exhaustion
People who are constantly under stress are at risk of developing diabetes. There is a depressing effect of the sympathetic nervous system on the production of insulin, but the release of sugars from the depot is increased. The body, mobilizing protective functions, tries to reduce energy consumption for secondary processes. Against the background of such changes, dysfunction of the pancreas, together with a genetic predisposition, lead to the development of diabetes mellitus.
Improper nutrition and physical inactivity
Eating high-calorie food with a large amount of animal fats and sugars, regular alcohol intake, smoking, deficiency in the diet of vitamins, trace elements and coarse dietary fiber lead not only to obesity, diseases of the digestive system, but also the development of diabetes mellitus.
The predisposing factor for the development of the disease is a sedentary lifestyle. With hypokinesia, the use of glucose by tissues as a source of energy decreases, it accumulates in the blood and leads to diabetes mellitus.