A caesarean section is a surgical procedure in which the abdominal wall and uterus are cut to remove the newborn from the mother's body. This operation is performed if natural childbirth may be unsafe or even impossible for any medical reason.
Indications for surgery
Despite the fact that some women want to give birth by caesarean section, natural childbirth is safer for women in labor. With a cesarean section, there are many risks, therefore, it can be carried out exclusively according to indications. So, the operation is indicated with an anatomically narrow pelvis, through which the child cannot pass, the location of the placenta on the path of the child, injuries of the spine and pelvis, injuries of the muscles of the perineum, its ruptures and plastic surgeries on it.
Also, a cesarean section is performed in the presence of tumors in the small pelvis, pathology of other systems and organs, as well as past unsuccessful childbirth.
The presence of a current disease can be aggravated by natural childbirth and significantly aggravate the woman's condition.
Indications for a cesarean section on the part of a child are incorrect presentation of the baby, prolonged labor that threatens his life, as well as a number of other medical pathologies. The conclusion about the management of labor in this way is taken by a council of three doctors. At the same time, the woman signs a document in which she agrees to the operation and confirms her understanding of the risks associated with a caesarean section. In total, there is one case of death among women in childbirth for every thousand births by this operation.
Consequences of a cesarean section
The main consequences of surgical delivery are the risk of infection of the kidneys or bladder during the operation, increased blood loss, general anesthesia with a drug load on the body and the threat of pneumonia. Also, a caesarean section is fraught with poor bowel function, which practically does not work for several days after the operation. There is also a list of contraindications that can complicate elective surgery.
Women after a caesarean section often experience severe pain that disappears completely after two to four weeks.
After this operation, women recover and stay in the hospital longer than others who gave birth naturally. There are frequent cases of a negative reaction to anesthesia, in which blood pressure drops sharply or other medical complications appear. Also, after a cesarean section, there is a risk of repeated surgeries - removal of the uterus or treatment of the bladder, which is sometimes damaged during the intervention. Doctors recommend women who have given birth surgically to give birth a second time without a cesarean section: despite the presence of a scar, such births are still safer and more preferable.