The systematic use of alcohol destroys the entire human body. Metabolic disorders caused by the action of alcohol lead to characteristic changes in appearance, which easily make it possible to identify an intoxicating drinker. Diseases of the internal organs, the development of which is provoked by the systematic use of alcohol, also contribute to the formation of the typical appearance of an alcoholic.
The appearance of an alcoholic: characteristics
Even everyday drunkenness is reflected in the appearance, which experts attribute to the prodromal period, preceding alcoholism itself. A frequent drinker has circles under the eyes, bursting small vessels in the whites of the eyes become noticeable, giving them a reddish color. Expansion of blood vessels leads to redness of the face.
Later, the systematic use of alcohol causes more noticeable changes, such as pastiness (puffiness, pallor) of the face, wrinkled skin, circles under the eyes are replaced by bluish bags - the skin of the eyelids swells and darkens. The whites of the eyes become cloudy, the hair grows dull, premature baldness or early gray hair is characteristic. Expression wrinkles deepen significantly, pronounced nasolabial folds are characteristic.
With the progression of alcoholism, the face of patients acquires typical features - experts call this phenomenon "the face of an alcoholic." Tissue edema intensifies, damage to the nerves of the facial muscles develops (polyneuropathy), which causes the mouth line to lose clarity, the lower lip sags, facial expressions become impoverished. The face takes on a mask-like appearance due to swelling and muscle weakness. Bursting capillaries give the face and especially the nose a red tint, which later gives way to a yellowish-earthy color due to alcoholic liver damage.
Due to the destruction and subsequent loss of teeth, the lower part of the alcoholic's face takes on a characteristic appearance - the mouth falls in, the cheeks become sunken. The look becomes cloudy, becomes meaningless. Disruption of the sebaceous glands leads to the appearance of acne.
Voice, gait, speech
Deterioration in coordination makes the alcoholic's gait unsteady, even in a relatively sober state, he moves slowly, dragging his legs. Performing small movements is difficult, including due to tremor of the hands - a constant tremor of the hands.
The voice of an alcoholic due to the defeat of the vocal cords becomes hoarse, the patient does not regulate the volume of speech poorly, intonation becomes impoverished. Indistinctness of speech is also characteristic, its increased emotionality in a state of intoxication and decreased - with abstinence, while with increased intoxication, the emotionality of speech also decreases.
The disintegration of the alcoholic's personality causes sloppiness, neglect of basic hygiene. The breath of an alcoholic acquires a characteristic odor, aggravated by disturbances in the functioning of the digestive tract. Decreased coordination and decreased sensitivity of the skin lead to permanent minor injuries - the patient's body can be covered with cuts, abrasions, bruises that heal slowly and often become inflamed due to poor hygiene and low immunity.