Why Does Infertility In Men Occur After Mumps?

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Why Does Infertility In Men Occur After Mumps?
Why Does Infertility In Men Occur After Mumps?

Video: Why Does Infertility In Men Occur After Mumps?

Video: Can childhood episode of mumps affect male fertility count in future? - Dr. Nupur Sood 2022, November
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Mumps is an infectious disease that affects the parotid salivary glands. This disease is typical for children under 15 years of age, but in some cases it can occur in adults as well. In severe cases, mumps also affects the reproductive system, especially the testes in men.

Why does infertility in men occur after mumps?
Why does infertility in men occur after mumps?

Disease development

The virus enters the reproductive system through the blood. Blood becomes infected through capillaries in the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth and nasopharynx. Once in the bloodstream, the virus begins to multiply throughout the body, getting into the testicles.

With timely diagnosis and treatment, mumps does not affect reproductive function.

As a result of the infection, inflammation occurs in the testes, which affects their functioning. Without proper treatment, inflammation continues and even partial loss of function may occur. About a week after infection, orchitis occurs, which is manifested by severe inflammation and severe pain. Arising on one testicle, orchitis spreads to the second, which intensifies the symptoms and affects the man's reproductive ability to fertilize. Multiplying, the infection leads to even greater inflammation and finally affects the testes, causing irreversible changes and infertility. As a result, the man remains sterile and subsequently will not be able to have children.

Other symptoms

Other typical symptoms of the disease include headache and muscle pain, chills, dry mouth. These symptoms are especially pronounced in adults. Against the background of general malaise, there is a sharp increase in body temperature. After a week, the fever may return to normal. The main symptom of mumps, which distinguishes it from other diseases, is inflammation of the parotid glands with further complications in the submandibular and sublingual glands.

If you experience similar symptoms, you should contact your doctor for advice and the appointment of timely treatment.

Impact on reproductive function

As a rule, infertility does not occur with timely consultation with a doctor. Impairment of the fertilization function occurs only in the case of serious damage to the testicular tissue or when the disease appears in adulthood. The cause of infertility in men is established through semen analysis. Repeated cases of the disease are extremely rare - it is enough to get sick with mumps once for the body to develop the necessary immunity.

There are studies that support the hypothesis about the possibility of infertility as a result of mumps and in women during the period when the infection enters the ovaries, causing oophoritis. Unlike guys, girls may not experience any symptoms associated with damage to the reproductive system, but the disease sometimes leads to infertility in women. Nevertheless, among boys, there are 1.5 times more patients than among girls. At the same time, the risk of serious complications in males is much higher.

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