Nodular Fibroids Of The Uterus: Signs And Symptoms

Nodular Fibroids Of The Uterus: Signs And Symptoms
Nodular Fibroids Of The Uterus: Signs And Symptoms

Video: Nodular Fibroids Of The Uterus: Signs And Symptoms

Video: Uterine Fibroids, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment. 2022, September
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Fibroids (fibriomas) of the uterus are a fairly common benign tumor. It is characterized by the development of nodes in the thickness of the body of the uterus. Most often, multiple fibroids with nodes of different sizes are observed.

Nodular fibroids of the uterus: signs and symptoms
Nodular fibroids of the uterus: signs and symptoms

Signs of uterine nodular fibroids

The manifestations of fibroids will depend on the size of the nodes, the peculiarities of their localization, the duration of the course of the disease and other factors. Most often, the signs of the disease are pain, bleeding, anemia caused by prolonged blood loss, pain symptom, symptoms of compression of neighboring organs, an increase in abdomen in size, painful sensations during intercourse, a feeling of fullness in the stomach, flatulence. Menstruation with fibroids is abundant and prolonged, bleeding is not uncommon, not associated with menstruation.

Pain in fibroids is usually caused by the tension of the ligamentous apparatus of the uterus, stretching of the abdominal wall, pressure of the growing tumor on other organs. Dysfunction of nearby organs often occurs when fibroids are localized close to the cervix. The growing tumor presses on the bladder and causes urinary disorders (incontinence, frequent urge). Post-cervical fibroids put pressure on the rectum and cause bowel problems (such as constipation). With the onset of menopause, the neoplasm decreases in size. However, according to medical statistics, in 2% of cases, uterine fibroids degenerates into a malignant tumor.

Types of fibroids, the reasons for their appearance

There are several types of fibroids. The submucosa appears inside the uterine cavity, under its membrane. It causes severe pain and cramping. Subserous fibroids develop on the outer lining of the uterus. The interstitial is formed on the walls of the uterus and rapidly increases in size. Interlinkable fibroids are localized in the environment of the ligaments that support the uterus in the abdominal cavity. Stem develops from a sub-serous form, when a leg grows from that. Such formations can twist and cause severe pain. Making a diagnosis with an increase in the size of the uterus does not cause difficulties during a routine gynecological examination. In order to clarify the number and location of nodes, additional studies are used: ultrasound, hysteroscopy, laparoscopy.

Factors contributing to the development of fibroids include a deficiency of progesterone, an increase in the level of estrogen hormones, disturbances in the synthesis and conversion of sex hormones, a change in the sensitivity of the myometrium (uterine body) to them. The hereditary factor also plays a role. The reason for the development of fibroids can be a postponed abortion, chronic inflammatory diseases of the genital organs. The likelihood of developing this disease increases in women who postpone pregnancy to a later age.

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