Newborns and infants rarely get chickenpox. They are infected either from older children in the family, or from a mother who had an illness on the eve of childbirth, or if she does not have immunity to the disease. This infectious disease is dangerous for infants with damage to vital organs and the central nervous system.
Why do newborns get chickenpox?
A newborn baby is considered to be one month old. But, despite the fact that he does not yet attend children's groups, he can become infected with chickenpox from an older brother or sister, provided that his mother has never been ill with it. In this case, infection is inevitable and the disease will develop quickly and be difficult.
It happens that chickenpox in a baby is a congenital disease, which is explained by the fact that the mother transferred it a few days before giving birth. Without having time to respond in a timely manner, maternal immunity becomes the culprit in the infection of the unborn child. In the congenital form, chickenpox in babies is especially difficult and is fraught with damage to the central nervous system and internal organs.
If the child gets sick with chickenpox during the introduction of complementary foods, he will have to refuse new dishes for now. It is better to return to breastfeeding during treatment.
If the mother of the newborn before pregnancy was vaccinated against chickenpox or had it in childhood, there is no danger of infection for the baby yet, since antibodies to the pathogen were developed in the mother's blood at one time. However, such protection for the baby will not be durable - after about 3 months, the antibody titer will begin to decrease, and the baby can become infected with chickenpox at any time.
How does chickenpox develop in newborns?
The congenital form of chickenpox in a baby who has not reached the 11th day of life begins with an increase in body temperature and a deterioration in well-being. The child becomes lethargic or agitated, naughty, refuses to breast, vomits. The disease develops quickly - after a couple of days, specific rashes appear on the skin and mucous membranes of the baby.
Chickenpox, which struck a child's body after 11 days of life, is no longer considered congenital by pediatricians. A newborn who is infected by the mother easily tolerates the disease due to her immunity to the causative agent of the disease. The disease affects the general well-being of the baby insignificantly, and his body and mucous membranes are covered with single elements of the rash. After suffering chickenpox at such an early age, the child develops lifelong immunity.
Skin rashes with chickenpox are usually treated with brilliant green, accelerating the drying process of the bubbles. A rash in the mouth can be lubricated with sea buckthorn oil.
Features of the course of chickenpox in infants over one month of age
The severity of the symptoms of chickenpox in infants is determined by their age, the nature of feeding and the presence of immunity in the mother. For example, a baby who was born with a mother who had had chickenpox before and who is breastfed until 6 months of age will either not get chickenpox at all, or will transfer it without consequences for the body.
In a bottle-fed baby, the resistance of immunity to chickenpox is maintained during the first three months of life. In the future, the child becomes infected with chickenpox when unfavorable conditions occur, and the severity of its course will depend on age, which is explained by the imperfection of the immunity of children under 1 year old.