Chickenpox during early pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, and if infected in the third trimester and before childbirth, it can cause birth defects in the baby and neurological problems.
Chickenpox, or chickenpox, is an infectious disease caused by the herpes virus Varicella Zoster. Most people carry the disease during childhood, but if you have never had chickenpox, you can catch it in adulthood, including during pregnancy. Chickenpox, like most diseases of an infectious nature, is very dangerous to the fetus. How does chickenpox affect pregnancy?
If you notice the appearance of a rash on the skin that grows throughout the body every day and takes the form of bubbles filled with a clear liquid, you need to urgently call a doctor at home. Chickenpox can also be recognized by fever and severe itching in the area of the rash. Specifically, your disease will proceed in the same way as everyone else - pregnancy will not intensify or weaken it. But the fetus can cause great damage.
The herpes virus poses the greatest danger to the fetus in the first and last trimesters of pregnancy. In the first, because up to 12 weeks, all the internal organs and systems of the child are laid, and intervention in this process of infection can lead to unpredictable consequences, up to a miscarriage. The risk to the fetus is 0.4 to 2%.
How does chickenpox affect pregnancy in the second trimester? If you get sick between 20 and 36 weeks of pregnancy, you don't have to worry too much about your baby's health. During this period, the placenta inside your body is fully formed and sufficiently fulfills its protective functions.
The most dangerous period for chickenpox in pregnant women is the prenatal period, when labor is about to begin. In this case, the newborn can get congenital chickenpox with the possibility of death. Defects such as damage to the skin and eyes can be the result of a viral attack. Often, such babies in the future are faced with problems of a neurological nature, which can cause a malfunction in the work of internal organs and affect the mental and mental development of the child. Such consequences can manifest themselves with a risk of 20-40%.
If you contracted chickenpox before childbirth, your doctor may decide to delay the delivery by a few days so that your baby can get maternal antibodies and avoid most of the complications of the disease. Immediately after giving birth, he will be injected with a specific immunoglobulin and prescribed antiviral therapy.