Spasms and pains in the lower parts of the digestive system are very unpleasant. To eliminate them, drugs are required that will not cause disturbances in the work and intestinal motility. This action is possessed by "Niaspam".
Release form and composition
"Niaspam" is available in the form of prolonged-release capsules, which contain mebeverin. It is this active substance that belongs to the group of myotropic antispasmodics. Mebeverine has a direct effect on the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract, in particular on the large intestine.
One capsule "Niaspam" contains 200 mg of mebeverine hydrochloride. The drug is produced in India, therefore, it has a fairly affordable price: an average of 380 rubles for 30 capsules.
Indications for the use of the drug
Doctors prescribe medication for the symptomatic treatment of pain, spasms, dysfunction, and discomfort in the bowel region that occurs with irritable bowel syndrome. Also "Niaspam" in complex therapy in the treatment of spasms of the gastrointestinal tract, even if they are caused by organic diseases.
Irritable bowel syndrome is a functional disease characterized by persistent pain and discomfort. Previous intestinal infections, poor-quality nutrition, the consumption of large quantities of foods that cause gas formation, excessive consumption of coffee, alcohol, lack of dietary fiber, overeating and even stressful situations can provoke the disease.
Unfortunately, the causes of the disease have not been fully understood. Above, only those factors are described that can provoke pain and irritation. If you revise your diet, lead a healthy lifestyle, you can significantly reduce the number of exacerbations. After all, medications can only eliminate pain, spasm and flatulence, but not cure the very cause of the disease.
The mechanism of action of mebeverine
It is with irritable bowel syndrome that the tone of smooth muscle cells increases, as a result of which they shrink under the influence of a spasm, and cannot relax. This leads to disruption of the bowel function, its contents do not move through the body, constipation occurs. Or the opposite picture occurs: the contents rapidly leave the intestines, this phenomenon is called diarrhea. Additionally, there are pains in the area of the organ, flatulence, bloating.
In any case, any of the manifestations of irritable bowel syndrome is very unpleasant, leading to a decrease in the quality of human life.
To eliminate the tone and normalize the habitual and correct motor skills, doctors recommend taking antispasmodics. It should be understood that not all drugs, let alone cheap ones, are able to solve the problem qualitatively. With irritable bowel syndrome, antispasmodics are needed that will act specifically on its cells. Such drugs are called selective.
It is "Niaspam" that contains mebeverine hydrochloride, which acts on the cells of the smooth muscles of the intestine, without affecting other organs.
Mebeverine relieves spasm, but does not cause unnecessary and constant relaxation. This is very important for normal bowel function.
"Niaspam" should be taken 1 capsule 2 times a day 20 minutes before meals. In this case, you need to drink 1 capsule in the morning, 2 in the evening. This allows you to maintain the concentration of the active substance in the blood. You can drink the medicine in courses, the duration is not limited, but it is better to consult a specialist.
"Niaspam" is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, pregnant and lactating women, as well as persons under the age of 18 years.
The drug has very few side effects, mainly rare allergic reactions: itching, urticaria, edema.
Additionally, gastroenterologists prescribe Niaspam for pain associated with inflammation of the pancreas. This is because chronic pancreatitis is often complicated by irritable bowel syndrome. Moreover, when taking "Niaspam" spasms disappear, the outflow of pancreatic juice into the intestines improves, which leads to a decrease in pain in the pancreas. It should be understood that this indication is not prescribed in the instructions, therefore, the course of taking the medication should be carried out only after the recommendation of a specialist, under his close supervision.
There is a complete analogue of "Niaspam", it is called "Sparex", produced in Russia. These are extended-release capsules containing 200 mg of mebeverine hydrochloride. The package can contain 10, 30 or 60 pieces. This is very convenient because some patients have to take the medicine for a long period of time.
According to consumer reviews, Sparex is an affordable medicine for pain, cramps and irritable bowel syndrome. But nevertheless, it does not act instantly, but approximately on the third day of admission. Negative phenomena disappear gradually, come to naught. The capsules themselves are small, easy to use, there are practically no side effects.
There is another drug that contains mebeverin. Only from the previously mentioned funds, it differs in that it is produced in the form of capsules and tablets. This is due to the difference in dosages of the listed forms of release.
The tablets contain 135 mg of the active substance, they can be taken from the age of 18, 1 piece 3 times a day. Doctors recommend taking Duspatalin as a course, this makes it possible not only to improve the work of the intestines, but also to remove the bloating.
"Duspatalin" is also available in capsules of prolonged action, here is the usual dosage of mebeverine hydrochloride, namely 200 mg.
It is necessary to understand that it is "Duspatalin" that is the original preparation of mebeverine hydrochloride, and the rest should be called generics.
The only drawback of "Duspatalin" is its price, but this is due to the fact that the product is made from high quality and refined raw materials. Therefore, most doctors trust this particular drug. In addition, a small number of contraindications, no side effects, many medical studies, several forms of release make Duspatalin the leader among mebeverin-containing products. In addition, it is "Duspatalin" that can be used for a very long period - up to a year. Additionally, doctors strongly recommend taking sedatives so that stress does not provoke another pain attack.
Some patients replace Duspatalin, Sparex and Niaspam on their own with drotaverine-containing agents. But this is fundamentally wrong. After all, all these drugs are selective antispasmodics, they have no effect on blood vessels, do not reduce blood pressure, as, for example, "No-shpa" does.
Of course, the course treatment is not budgetary, however, among several products containing mebeverine, you can choose the most convenient and affordable option. In this case, replacing the drug with a desire to save money can only lead to an aggravation of the condition, ineffective treatment, an increase in the pain symptom and the occurrence of a large number of concomitant reactions.
And do not despair when diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome. The main thing is to get tested, follow the doctor's recommendations and not violate the mebeverin regimen. It is in this case that negative manifestations will go away, and pain and spasm will cease to poison life.