How Flat Feet Appear

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How Flat Feet Appear
How Flat Feet Appear
Video: How Flat Feet Appear
Video: What causes flat feet? 2023, February
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Flatfoot is the deformation process, as a result of which the flattening of the foot occurs, a change in the structure of the ligamentous apparatus, and then the bones. The disease has several stages and can develop under the influence of various factors.

How flat feet appear
How flat feet appear

Common causes of flat feet

Flat feet can be both congenital and occur in the process of human life with the appearance of injuries or diseases. Congenital flat feet occurs in 3% of all cases and the defect can be passed on from parents. At birth, a child with flat feet already has deformed ligaments and bones. Obesity or the presence of diseases such as polio, rickets or diabetes mellitus also lead to serious changes in the body, which affects the structure of the foot.

The disease is irreversible and progresses with age. Among the most common causes of deformity leading to flat feet are injuries to the ankle, calcaneus, ligament ruptures in the foot, cracks or bruises in the cartilage. The disease develops both longitudinally and transversely, causing the foot to increase in length or width. Most often, these types of disease are combined, however, among all other cases, transverse flat feet predominate.

Wearing shoes and lifestyle

Today, flat feet are much more common in women than in men. This is due to the constant wearing of uncomfortable shoes (for example, shoes with large heels above 7 cm). Affects the onset of the disease and long standing on the legs, overweight of the patient. Pregnancy can also be a factor in the appearance of flat feet.

Another reason for the appearance of the disease is lifestyle. The most common cause is an excess or, conversely, a lack of load on the legs. A sedentary lifestyle or constant footwork become factors that affect the bones and joints in a person's legs. Excessive activity can be attributed to excessive running sports, jumping, which gradually wear out the feet, causing them to deform. Lack of physical activity leads to weakening of the muscles, ligaments of the legs and feet.

The degree of development of the disease

Flat feet develops under the influence of the factor that causes it. The progression of the disease is slowed down if the patient begins to struggle with the problem causing the deformity. For example, you can slow down the progression of the disease by wearing the most comfortable shoes (for example, shoes with instep supports).

There are also 3 degrees of flatfoot development, which are determined by the angle of the arch of the foot in relation to the plane. Grade 1 begins with deformation of the ligaments, but the structure of the bones does not change. Among the symptoms of the initial stage, patients note increased leg fatigue when walking. At grade 2, the structure of the bones begins to change, cartilage begins to be damaged and modified, due to which arthrosis is formed. Grade 3 flat feet is accompanied by even greater damage to the bones, the patient's gait changes, the development of arthrosis continues, leading to pain when walking.

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