Seborrheic Keratosis Of The Skin: What It Is And How To Treat It

Table of contents:

Seborrheic Keratosis Of The Skin: What It Is And How To Treat It
Seborrheic Keratosis Of The Skin: What It Is And How To Treat It
Video: Seborrheic Keratosis Of The Skin: What It Is And How To Treat It
Video: Seborrheic Keratosis: What Is It & How to Treat It 2023, February
Anonim

Seborrheic keratosis of the skin is a benign formation that, under certain conditions, can transform into a malignant one. It appears more often in elderly people and requires surgical treatment.

Seborrheic keratosis of the skin: what it is and how to treat it
Seborrheic keratosis of the skin: what it is and how to treat it

Keratoses are diseases of the skin of non-inflammatory origin. Pathology involves the appearance of benign formations or multiple keratinized tissues of the epidermis. The appearance of such areas can be different. The seborrheic form is referred to as senile diseases, since it develops in people of retirement or pre-retirement age.

What is seborrheic keratosis?

This is a benign formation consisting of keratinized skin cells. The first to appear are small colorless spots that do not manifest themselves in any way. If untreated, the disease begins to progress slowly:

  • the number of damaged areas becomes more;
  • spots increase in size;
  • there is an elevation above the level of the skin.

Over time, the formations become heterogeneous brown or burgundy with black blotches. In advanced cases, pathological formations begin to peel off, the skin becomes irritated, which leads to pain and bleeding.

Reasons for the appearance

Why keratosis appears to this day is not exactly established. There are speculations about a viral nature and negative solar exposure, but both theories have not found convincing evidence.

More often, the manifestation is observed in persons in whose families there were similar diseases. Because of this, scientists talk about a genetic predisposition. The development of pathology occurs under the influence of the following factors:

  • excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation;
  • frequent skin damage;
  • chronic diseases;
  • immune disorders.

Symptoms and types of seborrheic keratosis

Neoplasms appear on any part of the skin, with the exception of the feet and palms. The shape of senile warts is often round or oval. The size can vary from a few millimeters to 6 cm in diameter. The surface has a soft structure, which is covered with a flaky and thickening crust. At first, the pathology is difficult to recognize. Due to the large number of different types of keratomas, an accurate diagnosis is made after diagnosis.

There are four types:

  • Flat. Flat pigmented plaques slightly raised above the skin surface are formed.
  • Reticular. Horny cysts appear on the surface of the skin along with plaques.
  • Irritated. During the study, lymph infiltration is detected on the surface of the formations.
  • Inflammatory. Inflammatory processes are present in tumors.

Treatment

In the conditions of a medical institution, the keratoma is removed. For this, laser or radio wave radiation, liquid nitrogen, chemical peels, or electrocoagulation are often used.

The development of formations can be stopped by taking large doses of ascorbic acid. This also helps prevent the emergence of new formations. Reception takes place for 1-2 months in three cuts with a monthly break.

Home treatment

If you find seborrheic spots, you can soften it with heated oil. For this, sea buckthorn, castor, walnut is suitable. Special emollient ointments can also be used. With the correct selection and application, they can be used to destroy dead cells, to make the size of the formation smaller.

The use of folk remedies is possible:

  • Undiluted apple cider vinegar lotion. The procedure is performed up to 6 times a day.
  • Dough from fresh yeast. When it rises, make a cake, apply to the affected skin. Remove the compress after two hours.
  • Buckwheat broth. A tablespoon of porridge is boiled in two glasses of water. Wipe the plaques with the resulting composition.

During treatment, you need to provide the body with the necessary vitamins. Doctors recommend leading a healthy lifestyle, activating the body's defenses.

Dangers of seborrheic keratosis

The pathology is considered benign, but there is a link between it and aggressive cancers. Over time, malignant cells can begin to grow independently within the keratoma. In this case, the cancer itself will be so similar to the focus of necrosis that it will be difficult to distinguish it externally without histological analysis.

Doctors warn that too many lesions can be a sign of cancer of the internal organs. Studies have shown that 10% of patients with seborrheic keratosis were found to have skin cancer cells.

Popular by topic