Ovarian Cyst

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Ovarian Cyst
Ovarian Cyst
Video: Ovarian Cyst
Video: Ovarian Cysts | Q&A with Dr. Wang 2023, February

An ovarian cyst is a retention neoplasm. Depending on the content and method of formation, a dermoid, follicular, luteal, endometrioid cyst is distinguished. The reasons for the occurrence have not yet been established. It is assumed that hormonal imbalance lies in the mechanism of development of any cyst.

Ovarian cyst
Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cyst: symptoms

Often, a woman learns about the presence of an ovarian cyst during a diagnostic examination for a completely different reason. After ultrasound diagnostics, the doctor informs the patient that she has an ovarian cyst. The menstrual cycle, as a rule, is not disturbed. The woman is not worried about pain or other unpleasant symptoms. But this is not always the case.

With secondary changes, the ovarian cyst makes itself felt with pulling or excruciating aching pains in the lower abdomen, a feeling of heaviness. When the cyst ruptures or twists, the pain becomes unbearable, the patient is worried about nausea, dizziness. Abdominal enlargement is observed only with bulky cystic tumors.

Ovarian cyst: treatment

For small cysts, the doctor chooses expectant tactics. The patient is prescribed monitoring examinations. Hormonal contraceptives may be prescribed to prevent cysts from growing.

If the cyst has not disappeared within two to three months, laparoscopy is performed for women of childbearing age. Elderly patients undergo an oophorectomy. Emergency care and urgent surgery are required for all patients if the cyst leg is twisted, hemorrhage occurs, and severe pain occurs.

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