An ovarian cyst is a benign, hollow mass with a liquid content. Most cysts heal on their own and do not require medical attention. But in some cases, if a woman has symptoms that bother her or the cyst is growing rapidly, it is necessary to diagnose and prescribe an operative or alternative treatment.
Very often, the cyst does not bother the patient at all, and she learns about it during examination for a completely different reason, after ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging of the genitals or abdominal cavity.
If the cyst grows quickly, then you may feel pressure on the internal organs. This is due to the fact that the surrounding organs are compressed by the neoplasm. There is a feeling of fullness and tightness in the abdomen.
Frequent urination or disturbed urination may appear when there is an urge, but it is impossible to go to the toilet due to the constriction of the urethra.
A very large cyst may cause fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting. All of these signs indicate that the surrounding organs are inflamed due to tightness and abnormal functioning. The pain can be given to the leg so that it is impossible to step on it, and many patients assume that it is appendicitis, especially if the cyst is in the right ovary. Even ambulance doctors sometimes are not able to make an accurate diagnosis during examination and take the patient to the surgical department, where the correct diagnosis is made on the basis of ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging.
At a later date, you may notice a significant increase in the abdomen, weight gain, and the menstrual cycle may be disrupted. Tachycardia develops. All these symptoms require urgent surgery and urgent hospitalization, as the cyst can twist and burst.
If the cyst proceeds without complications and if it is small in size, then after a few cycles it can resolve on its own, without medical intervention.
When the cyst is small, the doctor prescribes hormonal contraceptives that help stop the growth of the cyst.