Pulmonary tuberculosis is a disease spread by airborne droplets. Mycobacteria enter the respiratory tract. The patient becomes dangerous to others. Doctors are especially concerned about asymptomatic forms of tuberculosis, when the disease is discovered by chance during fluorography or Mantoux test.
Pulmonary tuberculosis: symptoms and diagnosis
At the initial stages of infection, the patient may not even suspect that he is a carrier of a dangerous infection. Clinical symptoms of tuberculosis are completely absent or only slightly manifested. Prolonged cough, coughing, fever up to subfebrile, weight loss, fatigue, general weakness, malaise, sweating, loss of appetite, shortness of breath - these symptoms should alert and force you to see a doctor.
Diagnosis of tuberculosis consists in conducting a fluorographic examination of the lungs. Children do the Mantoux test. If you suspect that the lungs are damaged by mycobacteria, a bacterioscopy with a sputum examination, a blood test, and an X-ray of the lungs are prescribed. A shift in the leukocyte count, an increase in ESR, give grounds to suspect pulmonary tuberculosis. But the final diagnosis is made by the phthisiatrician on the basis of additional examinations: bronchoscopy, computed tomography, biopsy.
Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis
If tuberculosis is suspected, the initial examination should be carried out in a hospital setting. The patient must be quickly isolated from the community to prevent the spread of infection. When making a diagnosis, the patient is prescribed etiotropic chemotherapy, nutritional therapy, physiotherapy, physiotherapy exercises.
Medicines should only be taken on the advice and supervision of a physician. Incorrectly selected doses threaten that tuberculosis will become chronic. A patient with tuberculosis should remember that late treatment of active tuberculosis is fatal.